The investigative Committee

The investigative Committee

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Since the beginning of the period of "thaw" in the 1960s it became apparent the need for reform of the current administrative model of the investigation. On this wave for the first time in decades, the attention is attracted forgotten Peter's private model of the preliminary investigation. First, in the circles of the scientific community, and then – at the level of the top leadership of the country.

As a result, in April 1990. at the I Congress of people's deputies of the USSR to the Committee of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the legislation and the Council of Ministers of the USSR was commissioned to prepare and submit proposals for the establishment of the "Union of the Investigative Committee".

After all improvements and approvals in the first half of 1993. the draft law "On Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation" was submitted to the Supreme Council of Russia and approved in the first reading. However, the dissolution of the Supreme Council prevented the adoption of this law.

Over the next decade repeatedly made attempts to introduce legislation for the reform of the investigating authorities has continuously prevented the unstable political situation in the country.

Only in 2007 in conditions of relative stability and consolidation of political forces managed to take the Federal laws dated June 5, 2007 No. 87-FZ "On amendments to the Criminal procedure code of the Russian Federation and the Federal law "On the procuracy of the Russian Federation" and dated June 6, 2007 No. 90-FZ "On amendments to the Criminal procedure code of the Russian Federation". In accordance with these regulatory legal acts of the Prosecutor competence were excluded authority for procedural guidance of the investigation. However, the most important innovation was that the investigative unit of the prosecution has become a relatively independent Agency. These measures have created the conditions for further full organizational and functional independence of the investigating body.

However, at this stage, newly created at office of public Prosecutor of the Russian Federation was still part of the system of bodies of Prosecutor's office, the Chairman of the Investigative Committee of the procuracy of the Russian Federation in connection with the position was the First Deputy General Prosecutor of the Russian Federation and employees of Investigatory Committee at office of public Prosecutor of the Russian Federation Prosecutor's office.

However, in accordance with part 3 of article 20.1 of the Federal law "On Prosecutor's office" Chairman of the Investigative Committee of the procuracy of the Russian Federation is appointed and released from office by the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation on representation of the President of the Russian Federation. First Deputy and Deputy Chairman of the Investigative Committee of the procuracy of the Russian Federation is appointed and released from office by the President of the Russian Federation on representation of the Chairman of Investigatory Committee at office of public Prosecutor of the Russian Federation. Other workers were appointed and dismissed by the Chairman of the Investigative Committee of the procuracy of the Russian Federation. The Chairman of the Investigative Committee of the procuracy of the Russian Federation affirmed the structure and staffing of the Department, and defined powers of its units.

Thus, at this stage of development, despite the legal merger of the Investigative Committee of the procuracy of the Russian Federation with the Prosecutor's office, certain administrative subordination head of the investigative Department of the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation was eliminated. Personnel policy, define the structure of the institution, and authorization of employees of the investigative Agency were transferred to the competence of the Chairman of the Investigative Committee of the procuracy of the Russian Federation.

The model of organization of the investigative body already at that stage, the legal fact was not administrative. It included almost all the traditional elements (signs) private model: institutional independence and the lack of administrative subordination and accountability to the head of non-core departments; functional independence, which ensure objectivity and the impartiality of the investigation. Organizational involvement into the structure of the prosecution was formal legal and not administrative in nature.

However, the final restoration of Peter's non-departmental pattern of organization of the investigation occurred on 15 January 2011 when entered into force the Federal law dated December 28, 2010 No. 403-FZ "About Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation". As noted in the explanatory note to the draft law, the functioning of the Investigative Committee outside of the Prosecutor's office of the Russian Federation will create necessary conditions for the effective implementation of powers of public prosecutors on supervision of procedural activity of bodies of preliminary investigation, strengthening of interaction between investigative bodies prosecution authorities, will allow to increase the objectivity of the investigation, thereby ensuring legality in criminal proceedings and strict observance of the constitutional rights of citizens.

The Federal law "About Investigatory Committee of the Russian Federation" has established that the leadership of the newly created investigative authority by the President of the Russian Federation. In pursuance of the provisions of the law by the decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 14.01.2011 No. 38 "Questions of activity of Investigatory Committee of the Russian Federation" were approved:
Position about Investigatory Committee of the Russian Federation;
the list of compliance of special ranks of employees of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation Prosecutor's cool ranks of employees of bodies of Prosecutor's office of the Russian Federation and military ranks;
the list of posts in Investigatory Committee of the Russian Federation, which provided for the assignment of the higher special ranks;
the list of conformity of posts in Investigatory Committee of the Russian Federation, including in military investigating bodies of Investigatory Committee of the Russian Federation, which provided for the assignment of special or military ranks, positions that have been provided in Investigatory Committee at office of public Prosecutor of the Russian Federation, including in military investigating bodies of Investigatory Committee at office of public Prosecutor of the Russian Federation.

In accordance with article 13 of the Federal law "About Investigatory Committee of the Russian Federation" the Chairman of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation shall be appointed and dismissed by the President of the Russian Federation without the approval of the legislature, as it was previously. The Chairman of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation annually submits to the President of the Russian Federation report on implementation of the state policy in the established sphere of activity, the status of the investigation and the work done to increase its effectiveness.
These innovations created favorable conditions for effective fight against corruption, including in the Supreme bodies of representative and Executive bodies that previously seemed difficult in view of the conditionality of the appointment of the head of the investigative Department in consultation with named state agencies, and accountability to them.

Currently the Russian Federation is not part of the structure of any government authority, nor in any of the branches of government. In fact, implemented by the investigative authority is a continuation of the presidential power and may be considered as an element of checks and balances in the system of separation of powers.

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Cover for documents of high quality leather "nappa" with the use of the Golden termodonte will provide reliable protection and worthy of framing your official identification and other important documents All models are made in 2 colors: Burgundy and black. Specify when ordering. Cover with metal logo: The emblem is made of a material Tombac (FR. tombac, from Malay. tambaga copper) — a kind of brass. The material has high corrosion resistance, high ductility and is traditionally used in the manufacture of artistic products, badges and special accessories The final processing of the emblems are held by highly skilled engravers manually The logo is subjected to artificial aging The color is applied by enamel The finished product is covered with varnish
Cover for documents of high quality leather "nappa" with the use of the Golden termodonte will provide reliable protection and worthy of framing your official identification and other important documents All models are made in 2 colors: Burgundy and black. Specify when ordering. Cover with metal logo: The emblem is made of a material Tombac (FR. tombac, from Malay. tambaga copper) — a kind of brass. The material has high corrosion resistance, high ductility and is traditionally used in the manufacture of artistic products, badges and special accessories The final processing of the emblems are held by highly skilled engravers manually The logo is subjected to artificial aging The color is applied by enamel The finished product is covered with varnish
Shoulder insignia of the Golden color (for the staff of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation having the higher special rank) Shoulder marks are made removable in the form of a rectangle with a trapezoidal top edge, a lace of special weaving and red piping on all sides except the bottom. Shoulder marks staff members with special titles, are made from a special braid weave Golden color copper wire 5 % gilding without gaps. Shoulder marks are belt loops (strap). In the upper part of the shoulder marks is button Golden color with the image of the State emblem of the Russian Federation, without a heraldic shield. The distance from the top edge of the shoulder mark to the center of the buttons 10 mm diameter holes for attaching buttons 6 mm. Diameter buttons – 14 mm. On shoulder marks for officers with special titles, emblems low height - 22 mm, width 16 mm. The distance from the center of the buttons to the edge of a small logo – 10 mm towards the lower edge of the shoulder straps. Small emblem is embroidered with gold thread Golden color, 5% gold plated and edged with red thread. On shoulder signs placed embroidered stars gold embroidery of Golden color 5% gold plating with a diameter of 22 mm. Stars edged by a red thread. Lace width 45 mm, width Kant – 2.5 mm, length – 14 cm Permissible variations in width and length – no more than 2mm. Shoulder marks consist of the upper, lining and two inner liners (cardboard insulating liner and rigid PVC).
Shoulder insignia of the Golden color (for the staff of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation having the higher special rank) Shoulder marks are made removable in the form of a rectangle with a trapezoidal top edge, a lace of special weaving and red piping on all sides except the bottom. Shoulder marks staff members with special titles, are made from a special braid weave Golden color copper wire 5 % gilding without gaps. Shoulder marks are belt loops (strap). In the upper part of the shoulder marks is button Golden color with the image of the State emblem of the Russian Federation, without a heraldic shield. The distance from the top edge of the shoulder mark to the center of the buttons 10 mm diameter holes for attaching buttons 6 mm. Diameter buttons – 14 mm. On shoulder marks for officers with special titles, emblems low height - 22 mm, width 16 mm. The distance from the center of the buttons to the edge of a small logo – 10 mm towards the lower edge of the shoulder straps. Small emblem is embroidered with gold thread Golden color, 5% gold plated and edged with red thread. On shoulder signs placed embroidered stars gold embroidery of Golden color 5% gold plating with a diameter of 22 mm. Stars edged by a red thread. Lace width 45 mm, width Kant – 2.5 mm, length – 14 cm Permissible variations in width and length – no more than 2mm. Shoulder marks consist of the upper, lining and two inner liners (cardboard insulating liner and rigid PVC).
Shoulder insignia of the Golden color (for the staff of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation having the higher special rank) Shoulder marks are made removable in the form of a rectangle with a trapezoidal top edge, a lace of special weaving and red piping on all sides except the bottom. Shoulder marks staff members with special titles, are made from a special braid weave Golden color copper wire 5 % gilding without gaps. In the upper part of the shoulder marks is button Golden color with the image of the State emblem of the Russian Federation, without a heraldic shield. The distance from the top edge of the shoulder mark to the center of the buttons 10 mm diameter holes for attaching buttons 6 mm. Diameter buttons – 14 mm. On shoulder marks for officers with special titles, emblems low height - 22 mm, width 16 mm. The distance from the center of the buttons to the edge of a small logo – 10 mm towards the lower edge of the shoulder straps. Small emblem is embroidered with gold thread Golden color, 5% gold plated and edged with red thread. On shoulder signs placed embroidered stars gold embroidery of Golden color 5% gold plating with a diameter of 22 mm. Stars edged by a red thread. Lace width 45 mm, width Kant – 2.5 mm, length – 14 cm Permissible variations in width and length – no more than 2mm. Shoulder marks consist of the upper, lining and two inner liners (cardboard insulating liner and rigid PVC).
Shoulder insignia of the Golden color (for the staff of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation having the higher special rank) Shoulder marks are made removable in the form of a rectangle with a trapezoidal top edge, a lace of special weaving and red piping on all sides except the bottom. Shoulder marks staff members with special titles, are made from a special braid weave Golden color copper wire 5 % gilding without gaps. Shoulder marks are belt loops (strap). In the upper part of the shoulder marks is button Golden color with the image of the State emblem of the Russian Federation, without a heraldic shield. The distance from the top edge of the shoulder mark to the center of the buttons 10 mm diameter holes for attaching buttons 6 mm. Diameter buttons – 14 mm. On shoulder marks for officers with special titles, emblems low height - 22 mm, width 16 mm. The distance from the center of the buttons to the edge of a small logo – 10 mm towards the lower edge of the shoulder straps. Small emblem is embroidered with gold thread Golden color, 5% gold plated and edged with red thread. On shoulder signs placed embroidered stars gold embroidery of Golden color 5% gold plating with a diameter of 22 mm. Stars edged by a red thread. Lace width 45 mm, width Kant – 2.5 mm, length – 14 cm Permissible variations in width and length – no more than 2mm. Shoulder marks consist of the upper, lining and two inner liners (cardboard insulating liner and rigid PVC).
Shoulder insignia of the Golden color (for the staff of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation having the higher special rank) Shoulder marks are made removable in the form of a rectangle with a trapezoidal top edge, a lace of special weaving and red piping on all sides except the bottom. Shoulder marks staff members with special titles, are made from a special braid weave Golden color copper wire 5 % gilding without gaps. In the upper part of the shoulder marks is button Golden color with the image of the State emblem of the Russian Federation, without a heraldic shield. The distance from the top edge of the shoulder mark to the center of the buttons 10 mm diameter holes for attaching buttons 6 mm. Diameter buttons – 14 mm. On shoulder marks for officers with special titles, emblems low height - 22 mm, width 16 mm. The distance from the center of the buttons to the edge of a small logo – 10 mm towards the lower edge of the shoulder straps. Small emblem is embroidered with gold thread Golden color, 5% gold plated and edged with red thread. On shoulder signs placed embroidered stars gold embroidery of Golden color 5% gold plating with a diameter of 22 mm. Stars edged by a red thread. Lace width 45 mm, width Kant – 2.5 mm, length – 14 cm Permissible variations in width and length – no more than 2mm. Shoulder marks consist of the upper, lining and two inner liners (cardboard insulating liner and rigid PVC).
Shoulder insignia of the Golden color (for the staff of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation having the higher special rank) Shoulder marks are made removable in the form of a rectangle with a trapezoidal top edge, a lace of special weaving and red piping on all sides except the bottom. Shoulder marks staff members with special titles, are made from a special braid weave Golden color copper wire 5 % gilding without gaps. In the upper part of the shoulder marks is button Golden color with the image of the State emblem of the Russian Federation, without a heraldic shield. The distance from the top edge of the shoulder mark to the center of the buttons 10 mm diameter holes for attaching buttons 6 mm. Diameter buttons – 14 mm. On shoulder marks for officers with special titles, emblems low height - 22 mm, width 16 mm. The distance from the center of the buttons to the edge of a small logo – 10 mm towards the lower edge of the shoulder straps. Small emblem is embroidered with gold thread Golden color, 5% gold plated and edged with red thread. On shoulder signs placed embroidered stars gold embroidery of Golden color 5% gold plating with a diameter of 22 mm. Stars edged by a red thread. Lace width 45 mm, width Kant – 2.5 mm, length – 14 cm Permissible variations in width and length – no more than 2mm. Shoulder marks consist of the upper, lining and two inner liners (cardboard insulating liner and rigid PVC).
Cover for documents of high quality leather "nappa" with the use of the Golden termodonte will provide reliable protection and worthy of framing your official identification and other important documents. All models are made in 2 colors: Burgundy and black. Specify when ordering.  
Cover for documents of high quality leather "nappa" with the use of the Golden termodonte will provide reliable protection and worthy of framing your official identification and other important documents All models are made in 2 colors: Burgundy and black. Specify when ordering. Cover with metal logo: The emblem is made of a material Tombac (FR. tombac, from Malay. tambaga copper) — a kind of brass. The material has high corrosion resistance, high ductility and is traditionally used in the manufacture of artistic products, badges and special accessories The final processing of the emblems are held by highly skilled engravers manually The logo is subjected to artificial aging The color is applied by enamel The finished product is covered with varnish
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