The Ministry of defence

The Ministry of defence

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The Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation (Russian Ministry of defense) — the Federal Executive body (Federal Ministry), carrying out state policy and implementing state governance in the sphere of defense, as well as coordinating the activities of Federal ministries and other Federal Executive authorities and Executive authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation in relation to the defence of the state.

Due to the particular features of the organization of the Ministry should distinguish between the concept of the term Russian defense Ministry: a) the Central Executive body, structurally representing an administrative Agency — the Central office of the Ministry, the chief military authority; b) Ministry is a set of units and organizations within the structure of the Ministry.

In the system of bodies of military management of the state of the Russian defense Ministry is the state Executive body of state authority, management body of the Armed Forces of Russia, led by Minister of defence of the Russian Federation; being led by the Supreme commander of the Armed forces of the Russian Federation; Executive bodies of military administration bodies, other bodies and entities; is a domestic Agency, militarized formal political social non-profit entity providing services in the field of defence.

The history of the management body (organization, institution) of the state military management in Russia originates from the Discharge of the order (Level) in the future from other orders, which were: military Affairs, marshalling the troops, building fortresses and control of military forces in the southern strip of the state. Bit deacons are first mentioned in 1531, however, the Bit order in documents Dating from 1535.

At the beginning of the eighteenth century in order to centralize the military leadership in Russia established Military College.

September 20, 1802 a Manifesto of Emperor Alexander I, the Military College converted into the Ministry of the army, which later was renamed the war Ministry (decree of 24 July 1808). For the position of Secretary of the army was appointed Vice-President of the included in the Ministry of the Military Collegium of infantry General Sergey Kuzmich Vyazmitinov.

In 1812, in order to strengthen unity of command and centralization of command and control have changed the structure and functions of the Ministry of defence. In it is composed of seven departments: artillery, engineering, inspection, audit, Commissariat, Commissariat, medical, and the office of the Minister and his Council. In 1815 the war Department became part of the General staff of His Imperial Majesty. After their separation in 1816 it was again to act independently. In 1835 there was a new merger: The main headquarters of His Imperial Majesty became a part of the Ministry of defence. Management of all parts of the military Department was concentrated in the hands of the Minister of war, and to him alone it was permitted to report matters to the Emperor personally. In 30-ies of the XIX century, the war Department had concentrated under his reign every branch of the administration of the land forces of the country and became one of the most important bodies of state power of the Russian Empire. In many respects it was the merit of General of cavalry Alexander Ivanovich Chernyshev, head of the Ministry of war from 1827 to 1852. For the entire two hundred years history of the military Department, this is the longest term in office of Minister of war. By 1836, the war Department consisted of the General staff, military Council, General military court, the departments of the General staff and military settlements. In 1869 the war Department included a headquarters of the Imperial war Council, the office of the Minister of war, General staff and seven major departments: artillery, engineering, quartermaster, medical, military schools, Cossack troops and military justice. Later part of the Ministry joined other control.

The defeat in the Crimean war prompted the government of Alexander II to the defence reforms. Head of transformation became war Minister General field Marshal D. A. Milyutin. As a result milyutinskij reforms 1860-1870's in Russia was formed a territorial system of military administration, established military districts. The introduction of conscription of all social classes helped to create modern mass army with a trained reserve. Began re-equipment with new weapons, improved training of officers, developed new statutes and instructions. Radically changed and the Central bodies of military management. The victory of Russia over Turkey in the war of 1877-1878 has confirmed correctness of the Ministry of War to the course of reforms.

After the defeat in the Russo-Japanese war of 1904-1905, which revealed significant shortcomings in the state military government, measures were taken for its improvement. In 1905 formed the national defence Council (CDF), which United all of Central military institutions. In 1909, the CDF was abolished and the main Directorate of the General staff members of Military Ministry. During the first world war as part of Military Ministry was formed the new administration, including the military air fleet, on foreign supply. Since 1914, along with the Ministry of War there was the Supreme commander. In 1915-1917, the Minister of war was also the Chairman of the Special Council for the defense is the main organization implementing activities for the defence of the country.

After the October revolution of 1917, the war Department was disbanded and formed the people's Commissariat for military Affairs, headed the Panel. Overall management of national defense and the armed forces from November 1918 was carried out by the Council of workers and Peasants defense (since 1923 the Council of Labor and Defense). The Council, by combining the activity of two people's commissariats: on military and naval Affairs, designed and delivered the plans of defence, supervised the construction of the army and Navy, military operations on the fronts.

After the Civil war and the formation of the USSR existed separately and Maritime military commissariats in July 1923 were merged into the people's Commissariat for military and naval Affairs of the USSR. The first people's Commissar for military Affairs in the Soviet government became N. I. Podvoisky. From 1918 to 1925 at the head of the military Department was L. D. Trotsky. Slender structure system of military administration acquired at M. V. Frunze. His military leadership experience and organizational skills have allowed significantly improve the efficiency of military public administration, to strengthen the country's defense. In 1934 the people's Commissariat for military and naval Affairs, the CEC and Council of people's Commissars was transformed into the people's Commissariat of defense of the USSR. As an Advisory body was set up-a Council of War. In 1937, the NCO of the USSR has been allocated Control of the Naval Forces of the red army and formed an independent people's Commissariat of the Soviet Navy.

With the beginning of world war II for the strategic direction of the Armed Forces on 23 June 1941 was established the Rate command (from 10 July — the Rate of the Supreme Command, since August 8 — the Supreme command). The leadership of the national defence was headed by I. V. Stalin. Victory in the war against fascist Germany and militaristic Japan has confirmed the effectiveness of the country's authorities, methods and ways of controlling the armed struggle.

In the postwar period, the highest military authority played a leading role in equipping the Armed Forces with missile-nuclear weapons, the introduction of modern types of conventional weapons, the creation and development of new species and genera of troops. Was behind this intense daily work of managers, all employees of the Ministry of defence and the General staff. In February 1946 there was created a single people's Commissariat of the Armed Forces of the USSR, renamed in March of the same year to the Ministry of the USSR armed forces. In February 1950, the Ministry of the USSR armed forces remained split into two independent departments — the Ministry of war of the USSR and the naval Ministry of the USSR. However, in March 1953 had created a single Ministry of defence. A great contribution to the improvement of the system of military administration during this period was made by the marshals of the Soviet Union A. M. Wasilewski, G. K. Zhukov, R. Ya Malinowski, A. A. Grechko, D. F. Ustinov.

In connection with the collapse of the Soviet Union, and in accordance with the Agreement of the heads of States — participants of the Commonwealth of Independent States in December 1991 established the General command of the Armed Forces of the CIS (1992 — General command of the United Armed Forces of the CIS, since 1993, the Headquarters for coordination of military cooperation of the States — participants of the CIS). 16 March 1992 on the basis of the Ministry of defense of the USSR by the decree of the President of the Russian Federation established by the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation. Currently the Ministry of defense of Russia is a Federal Executive body that implements governmental policy, carries out the state management in the field of defence, and coordinates the activities of Federal ministries, other Federal bodies of Executive power of subjects of the Russian defence.

15 February 2007 by the Minister of defence of the Russian Federation was appointed Anatoly Serdyukov. The name Anatoly Serdyukov linked the launch of fundamental reform of the Russian Armed Forces, giving them a "new look". The catalyst that precipitated the adoption of the decision on the reform, was the military conflict with Georgia in August 2008. Experience of participation of Russian Armed Forces in the conflict revealed a lot of problems associated with the deficiencies in the system of control of troops and outdated weapons, equipment and means of communication. Officially, the beginning of reform Anatoly Serdyukov, it was announced on 14 October 2008 at the conclusion of the Collegium of the Ministry of defence. The changes affected all the main elements of the Russian Armed Forces.

On our site you can buy the uniform (without shoulder straps sewn-on and plug-in buttonholes) and to buy the old model.

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Cap blue with 2 blue edges.
white for enlisted personnel, the Ministry of defence
Metallic galloon.
Mufflers knitted (scarf) is worn neatly set under the collar winter coat, coat demi, demi jackets, pea jackets. The top edge of muffler (scarf) should uniformly act over collar 1-2 cm   Composition: wool - 30%, PAN 70 %. Material: Jersey.
The tie consists of main parts, node and neck. The wide end of the base part ends at an angle, the sides sloping, the neck tie from elastic webbing and metal fittings. Necktie embroidered inscription "Russia". Tie shaped MO is an element of ceremonial and everyday uniforms of staff of Ministry.
The tie consists of main parts, node and neck. The wide end of the base part ends at an angle, the sides sloping, the neck tie from elastic webbing and metal fittings. Necktie embroidered inscription "Russia". Tie shaped elongated MO is an element of ceremonial and everyday uniforms of MOD employees.
Used by Spetsnaz Units, reconnaissance BB and 12 GU MO. In VC and Spetsnaz units in razvedovatelnoye CENTURIES usually worn repulsed on the left side, you have to take the exam for the right to wear. Takes captured right can wear any serviceman BB without restrictions.
Camouflage beret is allowed to be worn instead of a cap and wear it only in the ground forces (the army and the FSB, and others). Camouflage , field uniforms, introduced in the Soviet PV since 1979.
The most famous black beret purchased as a headdress fighters airborne assault marine units of Russia. Also worn voennosluzhaschie tank troops and special forces. Black berets were introduced by special Decree of the Ministry of defense of the USSR № 248 dated 5 November 1963. This order was introduced new uniforms for the military marine corps. Along with this form worn black beret (woolen for officers; raised cotton for sergeants and sailors of conscription service). The beret was a side leatherette, left – red flag with a Golden anchor, front – officer emblem or the red asterisk.
Camouflage beret is allowed to be worn instead of a cap and wear it only in the ground forces (the army and the FSB, and others). Camouflage , field uniforms, introduced in the Soviet PV since 1979.
In costume enter Park and trousers. The suit is designed for guard duty, a long stay in the traps and secrets. Made from 100% polyester fabric density of 240 g/m2. Coloration camouflage - Digit. The jacket's hood easily fits over warm and protective helmets and is fitted to the inner cable ties - rubber bands. The lined jacket from the grid. Zipper is closed by two straps, fastened with buttons. Bottom of sleeves adjustable by a strap, fastened on the buttons. To access the pockets of field trousers of the suit on the front halves of trousers suit two Welt pockets with flaps, fastened with buttons.
direct with a stitched waistband with belt loops, a zip front with button closure. 100% x\b.
direct with a stitched waistband with belt loops, a zip front with button closure. 100% x\b.
wool blend (boots) blue. Pants with piping at side seams color blue. Pants with side pockets and back pocket with flap and hook closure with a loop and button closure, waistband with belt loops. Attached to the belt straps. In Nisko press - stropki.
Officer cap (camouflage green bulrush) new military. Without the ears.Military cap or hat will protect from the sun and protect against heat stroke. Even in the strongest heat of your head will be protected.
Mufflers knitted (scarf) is worn neatly set under the collar winter coat, coat demi, demi jackets, pea jackets. The top edge of muffler (scarf) should uniformly act over collar 1-2 cm   Composition: wool - 30%, PAN 70 %. Material: Jersey.
Knit a neck scarf is worn neatly set under the collar winter coat, coat demi, demi, pea coat. The upper edge of the mufflers should uniformly act over collar 1-2 cm Allowed wearing a winter coat, spring and autumn soldiers-the women with scarves, pea coat, military - without mufflers.    
Cover for documents of high quality leather "nappa" with the use of the Golden termodonte will provide reliable protection and worthy of framing Your official identification and other important documents
The costume consists of a jacket and trousers. Jacket with a zipper on the loops and buttons. Chest and side pockets with flaps, cinch the ribbon, vel'kro. Waist the volume controller. straight silhouette with side pockets. Camouflage - digit. Top fabric: blended fabric, 65% polyester 35% cotton with water-repellent impregnation.
Cap old model camouflage colors "flora" with ears suitable as a headdress not only military servicemen and employees of power structures. Hunters, fishermen, tourists and normal gardeners will appreciate the practical, durable and aesthetically pleasing cap.
Cap old model camouflage colors "flora" is suitable as a headdress not only military servicemen and employees of power structures. Hunters, fishermen, tourists and normal gardeners will appreciate the practical, durable and aesthetically pleasing cap.
Officer's cap new model camouflage colors "number" suitable as a headdress not only military servicemen and employees of power structures. Hunters, fishermen, tourists and normal gardeners will appreciate the practical, durable and aesthetically pleasing cap. Cap officers of the new model has a deep comfortable fit thanks to the special cut. The lined cap is made of fine mesh fabric, ventilated and absorbing natural moisture. For added ventilation, the cap has holes strengthened with metal eyelets. Rigid visor with additional firmware protects your face from wind, sun and rain and streams.
Tie-bow shaped S is an element of smart and casual women's uniforms of servicemen. Tie-bow olive green consists of main parts, formed a box pleat, and cervical. The end of the tie-bow ends an angle, the sides sloping. The neck tie-bow consists of a fabric and elastic band, ending with metal fittings to fasten the tie. Material: wool blend fabric.
Share a set of singlets (vests shirts) and pants, is useful to all those who often find themselves in extreme situations. Winter knit made from 100 % wool. Set of classic style painted in an olive color with a special paint that is resistant to abrasion. The sleeves of his shirt and bottom pants are fitted with elastic bands for a snug fit to the body.
Share a set of singlets (vests shirts) and pants, is useful to all those who often find themselves in extreme situations. Winter knit made from 100 % cotton with density of 260 g / m2. Set of classic style painted in an olive color with a special paint that is resistant to abrasion. The sleeves of his shirt and bottom pants are fitted with elastic bands for a snug fit to the body.
Share a set of singlets (vests shirts) and pants, is useful to all those who often find themselves in extreme situations. Summer knit is made of 100 % cotton with density of 160 g\m2. Set of classic style painted in an olive color with a special paint that is resistant to abrasion. The sleeves of his shirt and bottom pants are fitted with elastic bands for a snug fit to the body.
Mufflers knitted (scarf) is worn neatly set under the collar winter coat, coat demi, demi jackets, pea jackets. The top edge of muffler (scarf) should uniformly act over collar 1-2 cm Composition: wool - 30%, PAN 70 %. Material: Jersey.
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