The Ministry of justice

The Ministry of justice

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The Ministry of justice of Russia was established September 8, 1802 Manifesto of Alexander I "On establishment of the ministries". The same document in the Government envisaged the post of Minister of justice, and at the same time he was General Procurator of the Russian Empire.

The Ministry of justice were entrusted with the preparation of legislative acts and control activities of courts and Prosecutor's office. It dealt with issues of purpose, movement, dismissal of officials of the judiciary, establishment and abolition of courts, oversaw their work. The first Minister of justice — General Prosecutor of the Russian Empire was approved by the outstanding Russian poet and statesman Gavriil Romanovich Derzhavin. Managing the entire system of justice, the Ministry from the first days of his education gave great importance to improve the legislation. Under the leadership of the famous statesman M. M. Speransky was held codification of legislation: published 56 volumes of the Complete collection of laws of the Russian Empire and 15 volumes of the code of laws.

In 1828 M. M. Speransky presented to the Emperor about the personnel consolidation of the courts by judges and lawyers, and their preparation required the direct participation of the Ministry of justice. After the 1864 Russian court reform, in the preparation and conduct of which the Ministry of justice took an active part, the powers of the Ministry of justice has improved markedly. At all stages of the judicial reform the role of the Ministry of justice was significant, and even decisive. The Ministry of justice supervised by the judicial authorities, prison management and land survey, notary. Managing the personnel of the court and Prosecutor's office, it gained the right of appointment and dismissal of investigators on major cases in the district courts, and municipal judges and members of the County district courts. The Ministry has introduced the world's institutions of judges and jurors, directly supervised the activities of the Prosecutor's office and carried out the management of places of detention. The Ministry had sufficient authority in the formation and implementation of legal policy of the state.

The Ministry of justice by the Act of June 16, 1884 was enhanced sentence for embezzlement of office and theft, including for persons of the privileged classes. At the request of the Ministry of justice on may 26, 1881 was canceled public performance of the death penalty. In the field of civil law may 19, 1881 by the Ministry of justice were drawn up Rules of procedure for strengthening real property rights.

All legislative proposals were presented at the conclusion of the Ministry of justice before submitting them to the Council of State, and since 1881 , the bills of other departments began to arrive at the conclusion of the Ministry of justice not only to evaluate them from a legal perspective, but also to harmonize with existing laws.

The lawmaking of the Ministry of justice of the late 19th century — early 20th century, characterized by particular attention to the rights of the individual. In 1897, developed a draft law on changing the procedure for initiation of questions about the responsibility of the governors; in 1903 — the draft law on probation, which was completely new and very democratic institution in Russia; in the same year, the Ministry of justice was designed by disciplinary regulations governing the punishment of official misconduct; in 1904, developed a draft law of some changes to the punishability and prosecution of public order offences. In the same year, the Ministry of justice approved the Rules on the procedure of detention in prisons of the civil departments of political prisoners. Since the mid - 19th century the Ministers of justice was actively engaged in international activities: presided over the International Tribunal, were members of the permanent International court of Arbitration in the Hague. The task of the Ministry of justice was to inform the Ministers about the approval of statutes of newly created organizations and societies, and the Minister was obliged weekly to introduce to the Emperor personal or written reports on the status of assigned cases.

December 13, 1895 from the Ministry of internal Affairs to the Ministry of justice was transferred to the Main prison management, explained that"...the purpose of rapprochement of the prison business in its legal formulation and practical implementation with the interests of justice".

After the October revolution of 1917 the Ministry of justice was transformed into the people's Commissariat of justice. Practical implementation of the Decree № 1 "On court" demanded from bodies of justice efforts regarding the formation of courts and the selection of personnel for. A prominent place in the activities of the Commissariat of justice was occupied with the creation of new legislation. Accepted 30 January, 1928, by the decree of the Central Executive Committee and Council of people's Commissars to the people's Commissar of justice were directly subordinated to the Deputy Prosecutor and President of the Supreme Court of the Republic. According to the regulations of the people's Commissariat of justice, approved November 26, 1929, the Supreme Court was a part of the apparatus of the people's Commissariat of justice.

Subsequently the powers of the people's Commissariat of justice has undergone radical changes — in 1936, the Prosecutor's office was a separate office.

Since 1936 the people's Commissariat of justice of the USSR was entrusted with the task of ordering and preparing materials for the codification of the legislation until 1946 legislative work was in three main areas: preparation of Federal codes (Criminal, Civil, and Criminal procedure, Civil procedure, labour law and law on marriage and the family); the preparation of a Chronological collection of laws, decrees and resolutions of the government of the USSR and Systematic collection of laws; a reference work on the law. In the system of the Ministry of justice of the USSR are created the scientific-research forensic laboratory and the all-Union Institute of legal Sciences. It is noteworthy that on the initiative of the Ministry of justice of the RSFSR in 1957 (for the first time in Russian law) in the text of the criminal procedure code of the RSFSR included the concept of "presumption of innocence".

According to the regulations of the people's Commissariat of justice of the USSR from December 8, 1936 the PCJ and its local authorities have the right to give the courts guidance on correct and uniform application of judicial practice. Such mutual relations of bodies of justice and courts has been criticized, and served as one of the reasons the abolition of the Ministry of justice of the USSR in 1963.

Because of excessive radicalism and in part the fallacy of this decision was obvious and confirmed by experience, August 30, 1970 the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR issued a Decree marked the beginning of the restoration of the judiciary. Given the acute demand for highly qualified personnel to the newly established office, the same day the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR issued a Decree about creation in structure of the Ministry of justice of the all-Russian Institute of advanced training of workers of justice.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Ministry of justice has updated features and is now on the path of further strengthening and development. The revival of a strong state authority required ensuring a single legal space, strengthening the rule of law, a real separation of powers, guarantees of rights and lawful interests of citizens, equal responsibility of the state and the citizen. The current stage of reforms in Russia is characterized by the improvement and strengthening of the legal state, the establishment and development of democratic institutions of society. According to the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 13 October 2004 No. 1313 "issues of the Ministry of justice of the Russian Federation", the Ministry of justice of Russia is a Federal body of Executive power exercising functions on the development and implementation of state policy and normative legal regulation in the established sphere of activity, and in sphere of execution of criminal penalties, registration, non-profit organizations, including offices of international organizations and foreign non-profit non-governmental organizations, public associations, political parties and religious organizations, in the field of advocacy, notary, state registration of acts of civil status, to ensure the established order of activity of courts and execution of judicial acts and acts of other authorities and enforcement functions and functions on control and supervision in the field of registration of non-profit organizations, including offices of international organizations and foreign non-profit non-governmental organizations, public associations, political parties and religious organizations, in the field of advocacy, notary, state registration of acts of civil status.

In the Ministry of justice are currently Federal service of execution of punishments and the Federal service of bailiffs.

In addition, the structure of the Ministry of justice included the office of the Commissioner of the Russian Federation at the European Court of human rights.

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Cover for documents of high quality leather "nappa" with the use of the Golden termodonte will provide reliable protection and worthy of framing Your official identification and other important documents Comes with chain with ring and carabiner, which significantly reduces the risk of loss of the document
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Select the desired directory in strips, the order form will specify the type of strips (safety pin or sew) and fabric color (if sewn). Strap is a covered sash rectangular substrate. Can be performed on metal or fabric, plastic (flexible) basis. In the case of a fabric substrate can be color coordinated to match the color of uniform (gray, olive, blue, black and so on). Strap on a metal base fastened with a pin on the back side, fabric strips are sewn to form garments. As wearing the order of the bars determined the left side of the chest. Several medal bars are worn not separately but together on a common basis are allocated in accordance with the Statute of orders and medals. On the common plank strips are placed in a certain order in accordance with the Statute of medals recorded in the relevant documents, but the General principle is as follows: the higher the rank rewards, the higher it is in the list location. Each award has a corresponding insignia bar. In that case, when the reward is present of the order pad, then used her tape is also used to design appropriate insignia plate. Insignia plate going prepaid.
Select the desired directory in strips, the order form will specify the type of strips (safety pin or sew) and fabric color (if sewn). Strap is a covered sash rectangular substrate. Can be performed on metal or fabric, plastic (flexible) basis. In the case of a fabric substrate can be color coordinated to match the color of uniform (gray, olive, blue, black and so on). Strap on a metal base fastened with a pin on the back side, fabric strips are sewn to form garments. As wearing the order of the bars determined the left side of the chest. Several medal bars are worn not separately but together on a common basis are allocated in accordance with the Statute of orders and medals. On the common plank strips are placed in a certain order in accordance with the Statute of medals recorded in the relevant documents, but the General principle is as follows: the higher the rank rewards, the higher it is in the list location. Each award has a corresponding insignia bar. In that case, when the reward is present of the order pad, then used her tape is also used to design appropriate insignia plate. Insignia plate going prepaid.
Select the desired directory in strips, the order form will specify the type of strips (safety pin or sew) and fabric color (if sewn). Strap is a covered sash rectangular substrate. Can be performed on metal or fabric, plastic (flexible) basis. In the case of a fabric substrate can be color coordinated to match the color of uniform (gray, olive, blue, black and so on). Strap on a metal base fastened with a pin on the back side, fabric strips are sewn to form garments. As wearing the order of the bars determined the left side of the chest. Several medal bars are worn not separately but together on a common basis are allocated in accordance with the Statute of orders and medals. On the common plank strips are placed in a certain order in accordance with the Statute of medals recorded in the relevant documents, but the General principle is as follows: the higher the rank rewards, the higher it is in the list location. Each award has a corresponding insignia bar. In that case, when the reward is present of the order pad, then used her tape is also used to design appropriate insignia plate. Insignia plate going prepaid.
Select the desired directory in strips, the order form will specify the type of strips (safety pin or sew) and fabric color (if sewn). Strap is a covered sash rectangular substrate. Can be performed on metal or fabric, plastic (flexible) basis. In the case of a fabric substrate can be color coordinated to match the color of uniform (gray, olive, blue, black and so on). Strap on a metal base fastened with a pin on the back side, fabric strips are sewn to form garments. As wearing the order of the bars determined the left side of the chest. Several medal bars are worn not separately but together on a common basis are allocated in accordance with the Statute of orders and medals. On the common plank strips are placed in a certain order in accordance with the Statute of medals recorded in the relevant documents, but the General principle is as follows: the higher the rank rewards, the higher it is in the list location. Each award has a corresponding insignia bar. In that case, when the reward is present of the order pad, then used her tape is also used to design appropriate insignia plate. Insignia plate going prepaid.
Cover for documents of high quality leather "nappa" with the use of the Golden termodonte will provide reliable protection and worthy of framing Your official identification and other important documents Comes with chain with ring and carabiner, which significantly reduces the risk of loss of the document
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