Travel tents intended for Hiking or outdoor recreation with a moderate degree of comfort. Due to its light weight and size allow for transportation in a backpack (the bag, and sop.). Unlike camping, have a lower ceiling height that allows you to be inside just sitting or lying down.
So, having defined, how many people you need and that it is necessary to carry on their own shoulders and not to carry in the car, you can move on.
The first thing you should note when considering any travel tent is its weight. All other features and amenities immediately perceived differently when it turns out that they have to carry an extra kg.
In the description usually given two numbers: its minimum (min) and full (max) weight. Minimum weight is just the tent, no pegs, repair kit, packaging covers and more. We are interested in full weight, sometimes out of modesty specified by the manufacturers in brackets. That is what we will carry in my backpack.
What is light and what is heavy tent. Due to the advent of modern tent materials are gradually becoming easier and easier. On Internet forums you can often meet the opinion that a light tent is the one where one person has less than 1 or 1.5 pounds. It is actually a bit more complicated. The weight of the tent increases with its chelovecheskoi not linear. So, a five-seat tent, ceteris paribus, in recalculation on one inhabitant will always weigh less than double. So it is better to focus on the following experimentally derived table:
|the average weight of the tent||weight 1 pers.|
|The urgency – 2014|
|2 local||A 3.0 – 3.8 kg||1.7 kg|
|3 bed||A 3.7 – 4.5 kg||1.4 kg|
|4 bed||4,0 – 5,0 kg||1.1 kg|
|5x local||4.5 – 5.5 kg||1.0 kg|
Tents, whose weight is significantly less than the specified, are classified as UltraLight (ultralight). We'll talk about them separately. But I must say that if you pick up your first tent, it is better to stop the choice on the tents of medium weight (as in table). They contain a sufficient safety margin and don't need such careful treatment as, with UltraLight gear. For example, 2-seater , weighing 3.2 kg will be a great choice, and can say that it is easy enough.
Why it may be more difficult? Typically, this is due to the large size of its lobbies, requiring additional fabric and support arches. But, most of all, it's still a result of the use of cheap and relatively heavy materials.
If the tent people lie along, then the input may be only one . So everyone comes in / goes out or collect their things especially without disturbing the others. But if the beds are wide, it is desirable to have two entrances . This significantly speeds up the process fees morning and sleepy to get out of the tent. The latter lying near the wall it will not be necessary each time to wait until all the neighbors get dressed, get my shoes on and got out.
With the number of inputs there is one subtle point. If you are traveling in the South, where the typical warm muggy nights (for example, in the lower Volga and in the Crimea), or just sometimes allow myself to lie in the tent after dinner, the two inputs are very useful . Being opened, they allow the tent to be blown through and much better output from the heated air, than make the inside much nicer. .
Entrances inner tent is often supplied with "double doors" . One of the same fabric as the walls, at a time when cool. And the second - from mosquito nets, which can be left in case of heat, so that, at the same time, not be eaten by mosquitoes. In the middle lane it doesn't really matter, but in the taiga area the grid should be very small, a cell of less than 0.5 mm to not climb midges. Otherwise, hold on...
Why the tent tourist in your own vestibule:
- Take off and leave there (and in the case of rain and other wet clothes). Not to climb with them into the inner tent where there is a priori clean and dry.
- To store the bulk of my things: backpacks, food, pots, saws / axes and things, what is unbecoming to lie at night on the street because of rain and potential theft .
- In case of bad weather to cook Breakfast on a gas burner, not getting out of his sleeping bag. When it's cold or raining outside is a very pleasant option . Only it is necessary to open the entrance and ventilation, to avoid being burned.
The size of the vestibules can be very different: thirty centimeter , in which you can only leave a pair of shoes, to spacious one and a half to two meter . To the vestibule, as well as to the residential part of the tent, apply the term "habitability". If his ceiling is slanted badly, despite their huge size, stay in or to pull off her soaked jacket is very inconvenient. Therefore, to improve the habitability of the vestibule in the design of the tents frequently include additional arcs .
Always a great temptation to take my own tent with a bigger vestibule. Comfort, as we know, not much happens. But still it is desirable to objectively assess what they will be used. For example, bike storage or large number of equipment in turbulent times in terms of "borrowing" other people's things the region. Then understand that extra 0.5 – 1 kg over the shoulders is a necessary tribute to the circumstances. In most cases, it is only one or two lobbies, medium in size 70-100 cm . And sometimes you may act more cleverly to take two easy triple tent with virtually no lobbies and comfortably place their belongings on the empty place. Thus, if anything, there will always be a provision for you to bring along a friend.
The materials from which made is a separate huge topic, and we can talk about it for very long. So here we consciously touch on some most important points. What is most important from the point of view of the average user chooses a tent.
Tent frames are made from fiberglass (GRP) is a much cheaper, or aluminum is more expensive but more lightweight, reliable. In the tents of medium and high level will almost always stand high-tech aluminum arc. Cheap - mostly fiberglass. In principle, when used in normal quiet hikes, fiberglass arches of some great sin not. Just be aware that this tent will be noticeably heavier than its sibling, with aluminum poles, and only focused on the soft conditions. More importantly, where shouldn't take the fiberglass is the mountain where the material is rapidly degraded under the influence of hard ultraviolet radiation and begins to break down causing a lot of trouble. The cold of winter it is also more prone to breakdowns.
Tissue. Tarpaulin as a material for tourist tents are definitely a thing of the past. The awning and the bottom of the modern tents made from synthetic fabrics (polyester or nylon), coated with an impregnated polyurethane (PU). The more layers of impregnation, the stronger the fabric and the better it holds water. In the material name will be the letters PU and a water resistance value in millimeters .
About the significance of water resistance broken a lot of copies. One time among the tourists it was considered almost one of the main criteria for choosing a tent. Because the higher the quality, garantirovannoe you and your things will be dry. 10 000mm and you were not in danger even under the torrents of a tropical downpour. But it is in theory. In practice, however, all manufacturers measure this value differently. Someone points out a number for fabric just released from the factory, someone more objective value – the results of the tests after a year of operation of the tent. Also of great importance, how it is made, whether successful pattern, the quality of treated joints and so on. So to compare this parameter of product of different brands or "expose" someone in reality is quite difficult. Yes and the current tent for any little bit sane manufacturer is now something out of the ordinary. Like the current umbrella - Frank marriage and quickie. This sin now just a very cheap low-quality things. Often users for the course are taking a drop of condensation on the inside of the tent, but it is completely different physical phenomenon.
The only thing that can really test the questionable tent is if she taped seams . If not, it should better be abandoned. In protracted through such a rain line will gradually leak water . And the older will become the tent, the more stretched the fabric is, the more will flow.
Lightweight tents in recent years actively used fabric other than traditional polyurethane (PU), andsilicone impregnation (Silicone or Si) - . It is much more lightweight material. For example, modification of the same double tent with a tent of "silicone" can weigh 3 kg, and 2.3 kg. In addition, the fabric is impregnated with silicone, due to the fact that the threads are not glued together and can move freely and to spread the load, has a higher tensile strength. But at the same time it is noticeably more expensive and requires more complex technology of tailoring, so not used as often. Mainly in UltraLight and extreme series tents.
Cheap tents in the bottom is often made not from fabric but from the reinforced polyethylene("tarpaulin", similar in appearance to material bags of seller chesnochnika ). He has quite the right to existence in a simple Hiking or camping. But we must remember that this material is considerably heavier and stiffer fabric, whereby the tent is collapsed it gives more volume. With frequent Assembly-disassembly, especially in the cold, the folds may slowly accumulate creases, overlooking the water.
Kinds of tourist tents
First of all, it is an ordinary tourist tents (they are sometimes called "tracking", English trekking - trek ). Designed for Hiking, Cycling, water protozoa or mountain hikes. They are best suited for regular outdoor recreation: picnic area, fishing, trips to the river etc. The most popular view - about 80% of the range of any store.
Extreme (mountain ) tents. Made in calculating the hard conditions of high mountains and polar latitudes. The first is a lower temperature and strong wind, which ordinary tents are most often just break down and break down. Accordingly, it is a thicker fabric, durable frame with redundant number of arcs and the testing of models in complex expeditions. Naturally, such tents, despite the most advanced technology, are always slightly heavier than usual. See more category extreme tents.
UltraLight (ultra light ) tent. Want your tent weighed 3 kg, and 1.8 kg – no problem. Clothed series of tents now there are many progressive manufacturers. Thin, elegant frame, lightweight siliconized fabric, painstaking plus careful production. To go with such a pleasure. Is this happiness is usually more expensive conventional tents and, of course, requires a more careful treatment. See more the section on UltraLight tents.
Seasonality of tents
Quite often, manufacturers specify climatic conditions, based on which it was designed, or other product. In the description you can see the words: "summer", "trehletnyaya" (spring-summer-autumn) or "chetyrehstennoy" (winter extreme). This information can be very useful, but it is necessary to correctly understand and interpret.
The main difference between tents of different seasonality in how well their inner space is protected from outside wind blowing out. In summer the models inner tent, usually made from fishnet mesh, providing good ventilation in hot, muggy weather . In trancesonic and winter models is used instead of a grid more dense the fabric, somewhat reducing air circulation and wind blowing inside from the outside . In addition, many chetyrehskatnye models are also equipped with storm skirts, are rolled with snow or stones can virtually eliminate the blowing of the wind .
But it must be remembered that from the point of view of direct insulation winter (chetyrehstennoy) not much warmer summer. And this is understandable, because structurally, it's all the same two layers of fabric separating us from reigning on the street of cold. So on frosty nights all the necessary insulation should be a good thick sleeping bag.
The tent is quite often supplied with all sorts of ancillary things like pockets on the walls or shelves near the ceiling . Not that this is strictly and necessarily required, but comfortable enough to camp life.
But the repair kit should definitely be included at any of the tents. It can be years quietly lying in the bag of pegs, but what if something happens, it can be used to repair the very serious damage that otherwise can lead to failure of the lot.
The choice of tourist tents in our stores now is just huge. Some manufacturers, whose products presented on the Russian market, there are already more than a hundred. There are always new names, someone on the contrary goes on stage. In these circumstances, to say about each, and, moreover, to decompose all on shelves, of course, impossible. For a certain landmark the following is a list of have long been known in Russia brands. But you must understand that it is far from complete and in addition to these, there are many other manufacturers also noteworthy.
First a few indisputable leaders of the industry. Those who now go ahead and actively devises and implements something new. They produce the most high-tech, lightweight, durable and, of course, quite expensive things:
There are about a dozen manufacturers of medium level, fairly widespread in our country (the list, again, not exhaustive):
Relatively cheap tents in almost every store sells something different. Most popular include:
It should be noted that the Russian on the General background look very competitive. The quality of performance they are comparable to what you are doing for the same money by Western producers. Including, in addition to the traditional for our country trekking and adventure tents, we are also starting to appear good samples of ultralight gear.
The price range is quite wide. For example, double can cost 2 000, and 20 000. And it's not that some manufacturer are very greedy, and someone almost pulls a dime out of pocket. Price tents usually reflects its quality and the technical level at which it is made.
Design expensive top-end is developed over the years, experimenting, getting the right materials, the nuances are thought out build, ventilation, use of complex technological processes of sewing and sealing. The result is a very high quality, easy and reliable thing. She's not afraid to go on a long expedition far from civilization, where you start to break down, and you can seriously get stuck.
At the same time, her Chinese counterpart Hashanah is usually a copy of some famous model, but greatly simplified. Simple lightning accessories cheap, not very reliable plastic, the fabric is not the one that is carefully selected in the design of the Creator, but the one that fits into the tight restrictions of budget, as cheap frame. This may also have a right to exist, especially somewhere in a simple two-day trip to nature. But, of course, we must be prepared for "surprises", and not to wait from it for miracles type of small weight and long service life.
Ultimately, everyone chooses for themselves. Based on your goals and budget, which mentally prepared to splurge. For reference, very approximate, the average price of the tourist tent:
|the average price of tents|
|The urgency – 2014 Moscow|
|2 local||5 000 – 8 000 R.|
|4 bed||8 000 – 11 000 R.|