Camping tents designed for extended-stay in nature with a high degree of comfort. Include a large living area and ceiling heights that allows you to be inside, standing at full height. Due to the significant size and weight imply transportation to the installation site by car or other vehicle.
Structurally, it is almost always the tent with external frame, inside which depending on model can accommodate 1, 2 or 3 separate bedrooms (small inner tents ). The rest of the space is the vestibule where you can put some things, put a few chairs and a small folding table in case of bad weather .
The height of the smallest camping tents starts with 1,6-1,7 m. But it is much more convenient when she around 2 meters, so you can freely walk without ducking his head. Thus, the most fundamental is the ceiling height in the area of the vestibule where everyone is going and through which constantly pass .
The capacity of the tent is often specified as 2+2 or 3+3. In the latter case, it has two bedrooms for 3 people. But, as mentioned earlier, there are many really put the people, you decide. Thus, among Western campers practicing long trips quite widespread view that for a comfortable stay for two adults needs have 3 or even 4 persons bedroom. So, in addition to mattresses it still had some place to organize my stuff, and getting dressed in the morning was habitually standing on the floor, not lying in bed.
Dividing the tent into several bedrooms, it is sometimes quite convenient. But do not be too to overestimate the effects. Sound insulation this is still almost zero. However, if you travel with your children, they are usually very happy if it turns out they own a small room .
The external awning rooms are attached with hooks . So if you need extra bedrooms, you can always unfasten and extend the vestibule.
The walls and ceiling of bedroom is made from breathable fabric and closed with a zipper, so that mosquitoes can't get inside. For better ventilation "door" in them, sometimes, do double. One of the more dense fabric - on case when it is cooler, and the second, just a mosquito net in case of heat . Sometimes dissociate themselves from mosquitoes and all the interior space of the tent, duplicating the grid of the entrances to the vestibule . But it makes sense only in the complex, and when all the ventilation window awning is also covered with mesh and, most importantly, around the perimeter of the tent is provided with a skirt. Otherwise the mosquitoes will have no trouble to get inside.
The floor in the vestibule is usually missing or it is done pristinum, in a separate piece of fabric (often available). To use it or not - depends on what you want to do its "clean zone", where the entrance footwear will be prohibited - only bedrooms or more and the vestibule. This is a fundamentally especially in the rain when your shoes stick to the sand and forest debris.
From the point of view of a direct destination, the number of inputs in the camping tent, not so crucial. Usually there is enough space to enter or exit, without interfering with each other. But for warm regions an important point is ventilation. If the street is at least +24 and the sun is shining, then very quickly the air heats up inside Palace and stay in it is frankly hot and stuffy. That is not surprising, because in fact, it's the same garden greenhouse, only made of cloth. Regular ventilation of the window there is no save. But if you access two entrances located at opposite ends of the tent, the wind begins to blow all the internal space, and becomes much cooler . So for the hot summer having two inputs, this is still a definite plus.
Frames for camping tents come in two different types: flexible elastic arcs (fiberglass or aluminum) or rigid steel, pre-bent to shape. Steel frames are the heaviest, but also the most reliable. They perfectly keep their shape and best of all behave in the wind. In particular this applies to large multi-seat tents, where let know about itself a large mass of tissue and windage . Flexible the frames are not as monumental, but easier in the daily Assembly-disassembly . It can be equally and aluminum, and fiberglass (the glass fiber). Recent, well-known manufacturers of camping learned to enhance all kinds of braids and to make fairly reliable and durable. So it is practically nothing but more weight, not lose aluminum.
Fabricfrom which to make tents camping tents or tarpaulin with variations on a theme, or synthetics.Canvas (cotton) , despite its "antiquity" as a material, is still sometimes used. And not to say, that by poverty. The thing is, unlike PU polyester (read about it below) he "breathes". In hot Sunny weather the tarp passes through itself hot air, so the tent is not created stuffiness. But, at the same time, the material is quite specific in terms of resistance to rain. Actually, I should say, it keeps the tarp quite well. No wonder centuries in a row, the tents were made of canvas. This is due to two physical effects: becoming wet natural fibers swell, the tissue is securely clamped, and the bulk of the water simply trickles down the outer surface. And that the water that had leaked inside, not dripping down because of the strength of surface tension on the inner surface of the fabric. Foreign campers for newly purchased tents even do a special procedure called "weathering". Wet and then dried in the sun, the fabric a little better the village and subsequently kept raining. But, anyway, you have to understand that in rainy weather the ceiling and walls of canvas tents will always stay wet. As long as you don't touch the stuff - all the time. But if they are leaned against something or touch my shoulder – that too will quickly become wet. It is their inalienable downside. Plus, if the roof tents are badly stretched, so that the fabric mordenite, when incessant rains also may gradually start to drip. So, the main application area canvas tents - this hot, dry climates where good air circulation can be appreciated. For example in the Astrakhan region or the black sea coast. In Russia canvas camping sometimes referred to as "the Polish tents" (in Soviet times they were made in Poland). Now, if you search, you can find the same Polish Warta, Outwell andD.
There are still polycotton - blended fabric, a cotton in any proportion are synthetic threads of polyester (this, actually, "poly..."). In principle, all the same thing with a clean tarpaulin, the same scope. But the fabric itself in this case is somewhat easier and less absorb water. And that's good enough, because a wet canvas tent, if suddenly you have to fold not dried, weighs about-go-go.
But still polycoton and canvas tents, it is rather rare exceptions. The main material now is a hundred percent synthetic - polyester (polyester) coated on the inside impregnation with polyurethane (PU). Absolutely NOT breathable, but the fabric does not get wet. In her name you can see "6000mm" is the value of water resistance. What it is, the theoretically, or rather the fabric will not flow in conditions even the strongest rain. But in reality, the value of this characteristic should not be underestimated. Most manufacturers measure and specify it differently. Besides, a lot of things why the tent can flow depend not only on the chosen fabric, but the nuances of tailoring: how well pattern, well I treated the seams and soD. Then you can only trust the experience of the producer and not to pay much attention to these figures. Yes and the current tent, is now something out of the ordinary – a marriage and a definite cause for warranty replacement.
The bottom of the tent is usually made from the same waterproof fabric (polyester or nylon with PU impregnation ), only thicker and stronger. It is relatively lightweight and resistant to puncture material.
In inexpensive tents the bottom often made from reinforced polyethylene ("tarpaulin" , similar in appearance to material bags of seller chesnochnika ). The material is certainly not ideal: it is significantly heavier, worse collapses because of its stiffness and rustling when walking. But if the price of the tent plays a crucial for camping then this is a perfectly acceptable option.
Camping tents are often equipped with different-sized pockets in sleeping compartments and vestibule . All this is very convenient in camp life. Have a place to put book, mosquito spray, flashlight, spoon-or fork-pack of wipes – all at your fingertips. Sometimes the pockets are made in the form of separate suspension arms and are sold as an optional accessory .
Many times a day passing by stalls, sometimes you have to stumble on a strained rope backstay. So convenient when they are made of bright, well-marked cord . Sometimes they even weave reflective thread to be visible in the dark .
In addition must be provided with a kit.
Summer and trancezone tents
In the description of camping tents is sometimes stated that it "summer" or "trehletnyaya" (spring-summer-autumn). If for tourist tents there is a definite difference, for camping its very hard to catch. From the point of view of heat, in any case, warm up your breathing a huge amount of camping is impossible. So in the cool of the night it is better to rely on a good warm sleeping bag.
Going on vacation somewhere on the shore of the lake, often in addition to the main tent along comes another tent (a gazebo) . N fact it is additional economical the tent height to the full height of a man, only without the beds and generally without a floor. It is convenient to cook, to gather together to dine, to drink tea in the evening under the protection of mosquito nets. As practice shows, most of the day people spend in the tent and not the tent. Due to the fact that he opened all four sides , it is well ventilated in hot weather and being inside is not feel locked in the room. You still remain in nature, see the trees, hear the birds, watching the children playing.
Some examples of choice
- Required under the following format of activities: Every year with my family for 2-3 weeks, go on nature, relax / fishing / hunting. The camp is once and for a long time. Live stationary, with folding chairs, tables, small kitchenette and other things. Most likely it will be a big spacious tent. With a steel frame, made of thick heavy fabric that she has served for many years, no matter what the vicissitudes of fate.
- Necessary for Autotravel Europe. We will be staying in campgrounds every few days moving from place to place. Here is better suited to a relatively small tent with flexible fiberglass or aluminum poles that it is easy to collect, analyze every day. The size of the vestibule is not so critical, since the campgrounds often have gazebos or common kitchen for cooking. And things every time get out of the car, not so much.
Manufacturers and prices
World of monsters camping in our country we can find only Outwell and Coleman. It's mainly very expensive things from 30 to 100 tonsR. But this is truly the tent-house where you can accommodate with everything imaginable for outdoor environment comfort .
More traditional medium size presented here is much broader. Quite a large selection at: Alexika, Easy Camp, Ferrino, Greenell, High Peak, Maverick, Normal, Nova Tour, Tramp, Trek, Planet, Warta(specialized in tarpaulin). Plus many manufacturers focused on the manufacture of tourist tents, but who in the line has two or three camping tents. Prices from 7-10 T.R. for the most simple, compact and cheap, up to 20-30 T.R. spacious for four-six persons, made of durable, quality materials that will last for years (prices are as of July 2014).