Hiking — type of sports tourism. The main goal is pedestrian bridging group route suboperations areas.

Word trekking (eng. trekking) in English means "Hiking", "Hiking". Despite the word "Hiking", we cannot say that trekking is less easy or extreme sport than climbing. First of all, if trekking route is mountainous (mountain trekking), it is sometimes necessary to apply the same methods of insurance, as in climbing or mountaineering. In addition, in mountain trekking the routes are of varying difficulty, as in mountaineering. Some routes may even pass through the mountain peaks, which requires not only appropriate training, but also appropriate equipment. However, trekking may include walking routes, not necessarily running in the mountains. It can be hike along the river or along the coast, a journey in the steppe, meadows and valleys, and soD.

the Level of comfort in various trekking tours can also be different – from small crossings with overnight stays in shelters, tourist camps or even in hotels, to absolutely wild, at first glance, trails with overnight camping.

the History of trekking began in Nepal. A British citizen of Russian origin Odessa Boris Lisanevich Nepal opened up to mass foreign tourism. And the basis for this was the tracking – comfortable and affordable active holidays in the mountains.
Tracking is primarily fun and stay in motion, traveling to the unknown. This is an opportunity to see nature and people of another country from the inside, without the colorful wrappers of mass tourism.
Tracking affordable. His routes afford for every physically healthy person, without age restrictions. Any trekking route you can go. Just someone that will require day, and someone- three.

In the light period, the group passes from 4 to 6 hours (depending on the overall fitness), taking into account stops to snack and rest at remarkable and picturesque places.

Feature of the tracking mode is the return to the natural schedule: early rise and early bedtime. Health effects of such a regime usually occurs in the second or third day – people become calmer, no fuss morning faces appear sincere blissful smile.
the first route normally go for porters (eng. porter – a porter) with the things – they move faster than anyone, then, the guide-leader of the group. Each participant tracking, as a rule, set their own comfortable speed and the group is strongly stretched along the trail. Lock is the second guide. If the group is approximately the same in physical form, is enough of a guide leader. In the morning, before leaving, specify via points of the total harvest to snack and rest.

you can walk alone or in pair. In the mood. So do, as a rule, those who already had the experience of tracking.

Classification of Hiking trips and discharges

Category of difficulty is determined by the presence of local obstacles, geographical index area, the autonomy of a route, intensity of the route, etc. Depending on this, the hikes are divided into:

  • weekend trips;
  • hikes of 1-3 degrees of difficulty — in youth tourism;
  • Hiking category 1 to 6 category of difficulty (K. S.). The first category is the simplest, requiring no special knowledge; the sixth category is the most complicated and requires special and physical preparation, appropriate equipment.
Classification of walking trails and discharges
the Difficulty
the Length,
not less than km
not less than days
Category, the number of trips
3 boys. 2 men. 1 young. 3 times. 2 times. 1 times. CCM MS(g) MS(m)
1 degree of difficulty 30 3-4 1
2 degree of difficulty 50 4-6 1
3 degree of difficulty 75 6-8 1
I degree complexity 100 6 1
II degree complexity 120 8 2
III category of complexity 140 10 2
IV category of difficulty 220 13 2 1
V categories of complexity 250 16 1 1 1
VI categories of complexity 270 20 2 4
  • the tourists who are 12 years of age and who participated during the year in one or several tourist trips with a total duration of not less than 5 days and a total length of not less than 75 kilometers on foot, awarded the badge "Tourist of Russia";
  • Yun. youth level; time. — adult level; KMS — candidate for master of sport; MS — master of sports of Russia: W — women, m — men's.
  • to pass the hike each category, participants should have experience in the campaigns of the previous complexity, and the head to have experience in this category, and experience to manage the campaigns of the previous categories. To participate in 1 K.S. you need to have the experience of participating in hikes of the day (LDPE).

difficulty Rating of the hike on duration and distance is indicative and is not decisive. A more precise definition of the difficulty of the route is given in "Annex 1. Methodology categorization of a walking route" to the "all-Russian Unified sports classification of tourist routes (ISCTM)".

Interesting facts

In the world there are Hiking thousands of miles. For example, the length of the Appalachian trail in the USA reaches 3500 km.

French travelers Sonia and Alexander Pussey (Alexandre & Sonia Poussin) were held in Africa, without the use of transport from the South to the North 14.000 kilometers in 3 years and 3 months, after South Africa, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia, Sudan, Egypt and Israel.


Now there are a lot of specialized equipment for Hiking: travel tents, sleeping bags, trekking poles, Hiking boots, cookware, gas torch, compass, GPS navigation and so on.

in order to feel comfortable on the tracking required, at a minimum of personal belongings:
• fleece suit to sleep at night and heat
• sports socks – 2 pairs
• t-shirt – 2 PCs
• lightweight microfibre trousers with detachable legs, in the afternoon when it's hot, to go better with shorts
• light jacket-windbreaker, in the morning it is cool
• cloak raincoat, with the "hump" – the recess under the backpack
• sleeping bag
• jacket-puff, for the evening
• fleece hat and gloves
• sneakers or low Hiking shoes hard soles, preferably "vibram" shoes should already be wearing well and "sit" on the leg
• light sandals, to stay in the Parking lot
• average Terry towel
• swimsuit
• light trekking backpack on a rigid frame, with a ventilated back to 35-40 liters

Besides, it would be:
• sunglasses hard case
• headlamp with extra batteries
• telescopic trekking sticks
• personal first aid kit
• supply of handi-wipes
• 200-300 grams of small pieces of candy – treats for the kids and for yourself

Tips for the tourist

After a certain height of power in the loggias there, so you need to have an extra set of power supplies for video and photographic equipment.

  • At night, batteries, main and extra set of batteries is better put in – the charge will last a long time.
  • Well take a multivitamin and to always carry a bottle of drinking water.
  • in the Evening, in the loggia, to walk better in sandals, but most of to unlace and remove the insoles to dry.
  • overnight and things on the street I wouldn't leave – may be in the morning dew.
  • Wet towel can be dried in the sun, raspravu and attach it to the backpack
  • porter, you can hire a "chipped in" and give him only what you will need to stay overnight in the Lodge (sleeping bag, fleece, sandals...)
  • you can go as a family and with children from five years – this will be the most striking and unusual memories.

What is trekking

invented by the ancient people, when mastered new territory. Yes, this sport for thousands of years. In those days it was uncombed, and unkempt, they did everything indiscriminately. Moreover, people do not even understand what they preach trekking — it's dense.

We're talking about Hiking. You Wake up, have the decency to dress up-put on your shoes and go on a journey. It's very simple. anyone who has feet and can move. A simpler kind of tourism, perhaps, be found.

According to the degree of democracy trekking are similar to soccer. In both cases, does not require special or equipment. However, if you embark on a long journey, we have to take care of comfort and safety. But professional players do not play barefoot.

Hiking accepts everyone, indiscriminately. The main thing is that you could walk and did not complain about health. There are hard routes in the mountains or deserts, which will be mastered by only physically fit people.

Usually during the tour, the traveller passes in the order of 40-50 kilometers. Of course, much depends on the weather and the roads. Get tired faster in the heat, in bitter cold think about how would rather keep warm during strong winds do not go, and barely crawling.

Usually the trekkers choose the routes with the already laid paths. They gather about them the most information to bring the necessary equipment. One of the tasks of a Hiking acquaintance with nature, the countryside, customs and life of other people. These are informative walk.

Actually tourists say that Hiking primarily help a person to know himself, and then the world around us. Imagine: you are on the road, in fact, rely only on themselves and people that are near you. You have no transport. Rescue services can reach you only the radio, but when they will arrive. Think about it: trust yourself or not, ready to go hundreds of kilometers or better stay home in front of the TV.

Trekking in Peru, Cordillera Blanca, Alpamayo around

Features of trekking

Hiking in all its simplicity has a number of nuances. For example, before you hit the road, you need to hold predpochtenie training. This is to ensure that the group members got to know each other and what they're capable of. By the way, groups usually consist of 6-12 people. With a large number of instructors perform worse.

Should pay more attention to fees: the documents, first aid kit, be marked in the control and rescue service to grab the right clothes.

the travel Route is calculated in advance. And the greatest responsibility in the way by the organizer. It should be reputable and experienced person, a good psychologist who knows the route which will be able to help in an emergency situation and not let the people rasabhasa with each other.

travel Schedule depends on the stamina of the participants. The landmark on the most vulnerable. Usually it's women or children. It is clear that men can take more, but not to drag them then on a rest.

Guides do not welcome the extreme. If someone suddenly wanted to conquer a mountain or to cross the river, it is better to do it another time, in another group more loyal to such things instructor. There is a route agreed to by all — and it should be followed.

Trekking in Russia

Aliens love Russia for its nature and dimensions. Walking tours are a great help to feel a great distance. In our country you can choose tours in almost every region — from the Baltic to Primorye. And it will be a lot of different lengths and levels of difficulty.

southern region

the Mountains and the sea — this is what awaits travelers in the South of Russia. The regions differ in climate from subtropics to glaciers. Most often the path passes through the Caucasus mountains.

the Most popular tour is called "the Thirty" — he starts from the resort hadzhoh and ends polkadots. During the trip participants can visit the archaeological and natural monuments like dolmens and shelters of ancient people. The route goes past waterfalls, lakes, mountains, rivers, waterfalls, lakes again, again rivers and mountains — you can look at two lives forward.


the Ancient people who lived on the territory of Altai, to keep the memory about a lot of interesting places. They are found in the way of trekkers. Here you can choose summer or winter hikes of various distances.

Altai mountains easier to conquer than Caucasian — they are lower and no steep elevation changes. In summer many of the stopping points are located in the forest. Natural monuments are mainly located around mount Belukha, which is connected with the myths about Shambhala.


Karelia — the beautiful land with lakes, swamps and taiga forests. Here while traveling need to get acquainted with the natives, their way of life and morals.

Hiking In Karelia slightly extreme: in summer, trekkers haunt of mosquitoes and other blood-sucking, and in winter you can move around on skis. To live during the campaign often have small houses with conveniences in the yard.


One of the main Hiking at lake Baikal in addition to visiting the lake — to Shumak mineral springs. They say that they possess great healing powers. Thousands of tourists visit it to try this water. They draw on themselves and conquer rocky trails. But it is even better. Because, as they say, not tired, not rest.


In Kamchatka hikers sent to the Klyuchevskaya group of volcanoes is one of the most interesting parts of the country from the point of view of activity of "breathing" of the mountains. Trails on the spurs and slopes of Klyuchevskaya volcano. A view of powerful high current circuit — on the ring, Stone and other.

Prepared tourists can climb the southernmost of the volcanoes of this group — Plosky Tolbachik volcano, its height is more than 3 kilometers.


a Tour of Siberia and visiting parks and reserves. For example, you will be sent to the reserve "Stolby", is known to the animal world, in the foothills of the Western Sayan mountains, in the Park "Ergaki". After you can explore the wide open spaces of Tuva and its salt lakes. Khakassia on snack we will offer the cedar taiga.

Trekking around Annapurna, the pass Thorong-La, Nepal

Hiking in other countries

here is a few of the classic Hiking routes. If you consider yourself a true traveler, then you must conquer at least one of them. The trail is not easy, but the experience you can be proud of the rest of your life.

Corsica, France

Trek through Corsica stretches for 170 kilometers and takes 15 days. Along the way there are forests, granite landscapes, craters, lakes, peat bogs, snow, and so-forth. Sometimes the path is complicated by rocky paths, rickety bridges and embankments of boulders. This route was developed in the early 70-ies of the last century and considered one of the most popular among the trekkers.

the Road of the Incas, Peru

they Say that this trail is longer than 30 kilometers, was laid by the Incas. It starts from the Sacred Valley and ends at Machu Picchu. By the way — the white mountains and elevation changes. Every year, this South American trail visited by thousands of tourists.

Catch, Mali

the Catch is the people in Mali, and its lands are among the most interesting in Africa. The trek can last up to 10 days. Doganci build their homes in the cliffs, carving the tree and greeted the guests with dances on stilts.

Indian Himalayas, India

it is believed that in Himachal Pradesh is suitable for people who are seeking privacy and want to hide from the world. It is possible here, because of the king who agrees to pass on the Indian side of the Himalayas.

Complex version of the route leads from Spiti to Ladakh for two weeks. So tourists repeat the ancient trade route. The area around the harsh desert.

overland, Australia

the 80-kilometer trail overland allows to consider in detail the wilderness of Tasmania. It leads between mount Cradle and a freshwater lake St. Clair, through forests and heaths. Side trails will show waterfalls, valleys and more mountain tops, including the Ossa is the highest point of the area.

Zion, USA

Through the national Park Zion, in the US, runs a 26-kilometer trail The Narrows. The route includes the river, so about half way will have to cross it by swimming. Well, or you can Wade bypass that will take more time.

submits The Narrows in one day, but many are not in a hurry to part with it so quickly travellers like hanging gardens, natural springs and camping Park.

Venezuela, climbing in the Andes Humboldt peak (4970 m)

Chamonix-Zermatt, France-Switzerland

Your journey begins in the French Chamonix, then through the southern Swiss Canton of Valais and ends in Zermatt. So you can cross some of the highest and picturesque places in the Alps that are available for hikers.

This walk can be done in winter and in summer. In the warmer months it takes about two weeks. In winter the route is being adjusted, so you can without problems conquer it on skis.

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