a New form of employee is a set of special or protective clothing, equipment and shoes, uniform appearance. Till 2006, in an experimental fit to the staff of the emergencies Ministry were given different samples of forms. After 2006 the Department of rear and armament, it was decided to improve the uniform together with the factory. Latest developments the forms were presented at the exhibition "Integrated security".
a Modern form of EMERCOM of Russia is sewed from high-quality membrane materials that are not blown and do not get wet and for a long time retains heat without blocking air circulation. The transition to the new samples was carried out gradually, after the full depletion of stocks of old uniforms. Today there are about 30 types of uniforms for specific emergency situations.
the staff of the State fire service of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for civil defence, emergencies and elimination of consequences of natural disasters, establishments and bodies criminally-Executive system, having special ranks of internal service (hereinafter - employees), uniforms by type of service and assigned them a special rank.
Form of clothing worn strictly in accordance with the approved Regulations. The shape of the garment divided into a front (for building and outside the building), daily (for building and outside the building), and each of these forms - for summer and winter.
the Wearing of insignia
Each type involves wearing of insignia such as shoulder straps, chevrons, badges, etc. Staff wear uniforms with shoulder marks of the established sample with symbols Russia, subdivisions of EMERCOM of Russia
special title - plate (strips) on the shoulder straps of officers of internal service, are located along the longitudinal centerline, the Sergeant of internal service arranged perpendicular to the longitudinal centreline of the turret ring.
Logo on metal Golden color shoulder straps - small emblem Russia.
the Emblem is placed on the longitudinal centreline of the turret ring, at a distance of 5 mm away from the button
Location of signs and shoulder stripes
on the new form remained the same, and the rules of wearing them have been approved by orders of the Ministry of emergency situations of Russia No. 11 of 15 January 2008 and No. 364 from 03 July 2008 .
Armbands MOE sutured at a distance of 8 cm from the top point of the stripe to shoulder seam. On the left sleeve - stripe belonging to the Ministry of emergency situations of Russia, above the Russian flag on the right sleeve - on belonging to a particular division.
| Shoulder sleeve insignia RF |
the basis of the emblem is a White Star of Hope and Salvation, which symbolizes the task of the office. In the center of the star is the international sign of civil defence: blue triangle inside an orange circle.
the Emblem of the Ministry of emergency situations was approved by presidential decree of November 15, 1997, № 1231
Is on the left sleeve.
| State fire control |
as a symbol is the helmet of a fireman. Sometimes behind the helmets depicted two crossed axes. Above the helmet - medium emblem of the Ministry.
you'll be on the right sleeve.
| Paramilitary mine rescue part |
Red medical cross, the hammer and pickaxe as a symbol of mining.
you'll be on the right sleeve.
| national center for crisis management of the situation |
the Contour of the globe with a dedicated Russia and gold framed Russian flags.
are Chevrons on the right sleeve.
Shoulder sleeve insignia belonging to Russia wear on the outside of the left sleeve at a distance of 80 mm from the top of the attaching seam of the sleeve.
Shoulder sleeve insignia of belonging to specific divisions and agencies of the SBS Russia wear on the outside of the right sleeve at a distance of 80 mm from the top of the attaching seam of the sleeve.
- Sleeve signs on the courses of training of cadets of educational institutions (angle beads Golden color) is worn on the outside of the left sleeve. The number of squares on the sign must correspond to the course of study. Squares of Golden color on a textile base gray-blue color are composed of two connected at an angle of 105 degree rays pointing up. The distance between the upper and lower connection point of the beams is 8 mm. The distance between the upper edges of the beams is 80 mm. The upper beams have a vertical side edge length of 8 mm.
On the coat and tunic insignia includes a downward angle at a distance of 10 mm below the shoulder of the mark Russia.
Lapel stripe MES
Breast round belonging to the Ministry of emergency situations is located on the left pocket. Above it, on otwarte pocket - a name badge. On the top right pocket - a rectangular stripe "of EMERCOM of RUSSIA".
| the Chest emblem emergency |
With the star of Hope and Salvation on the background of the Russian flag.
Located on the left breast pocket.
|layout of stripes MOE|
Dorsal stripe MES
On the back is a large inscription "EMERCOM of RUSSIA". Most often it is not stripe, and the embroidery on the product. However, sometimes you want the stripe.
We embroider a great on the back, including glow in the dark thread.
How are attached to form the roof of chevrons and stripes
the first step is to understand what is the difference between stripes of chevrons.
Stripe is any inscription or picture, which is attached to the garment at the top.
Chevron is a braid in the form of a square on a uniform, which denotes belonging to Russia (worn on the outside of the left sleeve) and to specific institutions and units of state fire service of EMERCOM of Russia (worn on the outside right sleeve).
courses of training of cadets of educational institutions (squares Golden color) is placed on the outside on left sleeve. The number of squares on the sign corresponds to the course of study.
How to sew on chevrons MES
Stripe and MES are attached as follows:
- Thread. The most famous and traditional way of fixing. If there is a skill, sewing is not too much trouble. The main thing is to sew correctly, so the patch didn't fall off the next day.
First, the patch applied to the garment which fastens with a pin and prihvatyvaya thread. The product is then you need to try to make sure that the patch attached in exactly the right place. If it is in the right place and not bristling up, you can start edging stripe on the outline with small stitches. The threads must be the color of the stripe, otherwise they will be evident. After the Chevron or stripe, it is recommended to wet with water and iron until complete evaporation of the liquid. Iron should not overheat, so as not to ruin the stripe.
- Velcro (Velcro). The fastening using the Velcro quick and easy. The Velcro is sewn to the shape of and mounted to it a Chevron or stripe. If necessary, the old Chevron changed to a new within seconds.
- hot melt glue is another option for fixing the chevrons. It's fast, but you need to carefully measure the mounting position. Otherwise can stick unevenly. For reliability, you can use a warm iron.
Innovative materials for clothing of employees of EMERCOM of Russia
now a special form of clothing intended for day to day activities, line of duty, classes, and teachings, is made of fabric with high strength characteristics "Rip-Stop" art. 1215. For its production used corespun thread that has no analogues in Russia. They are embedded in the structure of the tissue every 5 mm, forming a heavy-duty "lattice".
Corespun thread consists of a polyester core (monofilament), strength characteristics of which are many times higher than the indicators of blended and cotton yarn, and cotton braid, guarantee the hygiene tissue at the level of materials from 100% cotton and excluding the negative impact of polyester. In 2006 the fabric is "Rip-Stop" three times became the winner of the contest "product of the Unique logistics of the Armed forces of the Russian Federation", and in 2007 confirmed this title. The advantages of fabrics are heavy-duty mechanical protection and a water repellent finish. Tensile strength is not less than 950 N. (higher by 20-40% compared to conventional fabrics) abrasion resistance – not less than 7500 cycles (higher by 20-50% compared to conventional fabrics), tearing load is at least 70 H (higher by 30-60% in comparison with usual tissues), shrinkage is not more than 1.5%, a hygroscopicity of no less than 4%, the permeability is not less than 40 dm3/m2 h, the washing fastness is 5. Guaranteed lifetime of 3 years.
equipment For employees of the State Inspectorate for small vessels of EMERCOM of Russia when carrying out inspection on water water areas in the cold season, as well as conducting search and rescue and other urgent works at liquidation of emergency situations uses a set of special clothing windproof. For the manufacture of this suit uses the revolutionary bicomponent membrane GORE-TEX®, which provides full waterproof, high breathable properties and comfort, do not miss the cold air, keeping the heat inside the garment.
Properties of the membrane GORE-TEX®:
- long-term impermeability;
- good air permeability;
- resistance to cold;
- resistance to bending;
- exceptional durability.
Part of the membrane made of polytetrafluoroethylene improved, contain over 9 billion microscopic pores per square inch. These pores are approximately 20,000 times smaller than water droplets, but 700 times larger than a molecule of vapor. Therefore, the water in liquid form cannot penetrate the GORE-TEX membrane®, and water vapor (gas) can escape through it without difficulty. Built into the structure of the improved oleophobic polytetrafluoroethylene (masloudalyayushchie) the substance passes water vapor and at the same time serves as a physical barrier to contaminating substances such as oil. All this to ensure a completely waterproof, windproof and breathable garment.
Basic form of clothes of employees of EMERCOM of Russia, working in emergency situations Develop emergency and rescue operations
For carrying out rescue operations in difficult and specific terms have developed special sets of equipment for search and rescue units. In the mountains, and the areas of low-temperature apply the set of mountain rescuer. In its manufacture is used the fabric is "DRY FACTOR 10 000", membrane coating which provides water resistance 10 000 mm water column, paropronitsaemost 10 000 g/m for 24 hours Filler "goose down", subjected to special chemical treatment, has excellent insulating properties, is not wrinkled (fluff is compressed but not deformed after the load is fully restores the original volume).
Features of the fire fighting clothes fire Fighting clothing (BOP) is designed to protect the body from dangerous and harmful environmental factors, arising in extinguishing fires and conducting the associated priority of rescue operations and also from adverse climatic effects. Combat clothing is the most massive on the applicability of means of individual protection of firemen. It is used in extinguishing any fires of all categories of employees (getdemopanel, colonic, fire engine driver, etc.).
To the end of the 1980s g BOP was made only of canvas or material with a polymeric film coating – vinilis-leather-T (flame-retardant). It was a jacket and straight-leg flat design or jacket for command staff.
However, by that time, it became clear that due to the variety and complexity of tactical tasks associated with extinguishing fires at various sites of the national economy, the necessary combat different types, which differed least according to the materials used and the design, and hence on its performance indicators. For example, you cannot apply for equipment getdemodata combat clothing from viniliskozhi due to its low thermal stability (200 °C). But given the high resistance of the BOP to exposure to petroleum products, acids, alkalis it can be used as the basis for the manufacture of uniforms of the driver of the fire truck. To classify fire fighting gear fire is possible depending on:
- operational-tactical tasks and types of work performed by the fighters in extinguishing fire;
- protection against thermal effects;
- degree of protection against physical and mechanical influences;
- climate zones of operation according to GOST 15150-69.
When developing the classification system was taken into account that the thermal exposure is primarily due to radiant heat flux, high ambient air-gas environment, open flame, heated solid surfaces.
Employees gugps and VNIIPO Russia analyzed the work of personnel to fight the fires of varying difficulty on the industrial and administrative purposes. Theoretical and experimental (at the landfill and fire departments) research, allowed to simulate some conditions and types of work performed during fire fighting. All this, according to the literary sources, helped to obtain the corrected values of the intensity of thermal effects and their exposure to humans. In particular, they identified some of the values of time exposure to heat on the fire (radiant heat flux, temperature, gas environment) when performing different works related to fire fighting (working with trunk, exploration, etcp.) As a result of the research showed that people involved in extinguishing the fire, exposed to thermal effects:
- in an emergency situation;
- when immediate extinguishing of fire in predictable situations;
- when outside the combat zone.
In accordance with the developed classification combat fire is divided into three levels of protection from thermal effects.
Combat the first level should be protected from high temperatures, heat flows of high intensity and possible emission of flame when working in extreme situations that occur when extinguishing the fire, conducting reconnaissance and rescue people. It should be made of ignitermedia fabrics with special impregnations or coatings. This garment is designed mainly for gas and smoke.
Combat the second level is supposed to protect against high temperatures and heat fluxes, and be made of tarpaulin with special impregnation or other materials that are not inferior to the sheet characteristics.
Combat the third level is supposed to protect against thermal effects of low intensity and be made of viniliskozhi-T (trudnovospituemyh) or other material with characteristics not inferior to the properties of this material. It is intended for drivers of fire trucks, inspectors of the state fire supervision, employees of ILD, investigators, etc.
Analyzing these tables, it should be borne in mind that at these values, thermal effects can not work in the BOP of a certain level at a specified time, because the combat clothing is not relates to protective type and is used in conjunction with the means of protection of hands, feet, head, have to meet other requirements. Therefore, in future it is necessary to solve the problem of unification of requirements to thermal protection of various personal protective equipment. These values of thermal indices provide a safe work environment (factor of safety of less than unity) in the face of the predictable situations and reduce the degree of thermal destruction in extreme situations at the expense of the sustainability of the BOP to thermal effects. Sustainability refers to the preservation of operational properties a heat pack, accessories, connection details in the seams. For example, when thermal conductivity of not more than 0.06 W/m. °Are provided with a safe work environment with long-term impact of 5-7 kW/m2 (work with the barrel for cooling), and thermal resistance package to exposed to an open flame no less than 15 s to avoid the death of man trapped in a "ball of fire" or forced to evacuate from the danger zone in terms of short-term contact with open flame.
For protection against high thermal effects is used heat-reflecting suit (TOC), which consists of a jacket, trousers, hood with viewing window, three-finger gloves and Shoe covers. The jacket features a Central on-Board fastener on buttons. On the back - volume compartment to accommodate breathing apparatus. Pants with extended cap belt, amplifying the padding in the knees. The hood covers the upper torso, its upper part is lined, with inspection hole-porthole. Three-toed with napaloni for thumb and index finger reinforcement plate of split leather on the palm, lined with a heat-insulating layer. Shoe covers with putty, with nastroni double-layer top, reinforced sole split leather, reinforcement plate of split leather on the heel part. The stitching of the seams of the top jacket, pants, gloves, Shoe covers, and attaching of separate tops Shoe covers, overlays, pockets, reinforcing pads frame inspection openings-the window is two lines.
Thermophysical and physico-mechanical properties:
- the weight of the CURRENT to 200 depending on size - about 8-10 kg.
- resistance to temperatures 200 °C - 600 C;
- resistance to the effects of otkratougolnaya - not less than 20;
- resistance to heat flow is at least 600 sec (18 kW) or 900 s (10 kW);
- resistance to contact with heated up to 400 °C solid surfaces -not less than 5;
- the coefficient of attenuation of infrared radiation at least 75%.
From the history of the Ministry of emergency situations
the Ministry of emergency situations is much younger than MIA. For the first time, the Russian rescue corps was established in 1990. In 1991, his name appeared close to us is a combination of "emergency".
Until may 2012 the Ministry was headed by S.K.Shoigu, army General.
Departmental MOE – blue color, with vertical white star.
Structure is divided into departments and offices, optimizing their funds in a variety of areas: search and rescue service, Federal fire service and their own military formation of the Ministry, the Inspectorate for small vessels, Militarised mine-rescue part. Of course, each of them has its own unique emblem. Here also we meet with various forms of execution stripes.
Order the Russian Federation of 3 July 2008. N 364 "On approval of the Rules of wearing uniforms by the employees of the State fire service of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for civil defence, emergencies and elimination of consequences of natural disasters, having special ranks of internal service"