Materials camping equipment

Many beginners, collecting the gear for Hiking in the mountains, one wonders what is the membrane, fleece, Polartec, etcD. We decided to make a small educational program and in this article, we have collected descriptions of the most common modern fabrics used in the manufacture of tourist equipment.

Legend:

RIPSTOP (R/S) - technology of production of fabrics when a more thick and strong fibers forming a framework in the form of cells, which is included in the weave of thinner fibers. This technology allows you to improve material characteristics and tear strength, at the same time doesn't add bulk.

PU polyurethane fabric (transparent), applied to the inside to obtain properties such as water resistance. The coating may have different thicknesses. The resistance is measured as water height in millimeters at which the fabric does not get wet. Considered waterproof fabrics with waterproofness over 3000 mm (PU 3000).

PU milky polyurethane white color, with the same properties as PU.

Silver - the inner coating of silver color, providing waterproof and UV protection, don't miss Pooh.

PVC (polyvinyl chloride) is a dense rubberized coating applied to the inner side, which provides full water-resistant fabric. Has low heat and electrical conductivity, high fire resistance, resistance to many chemical reagents.


WR is a special water-repellent impregnation. With this treatment, water droplets will roll down the fabric and not be absorbed, which improves its water resistance.

Oxford (Oxford)

Oxford durable fabric-made fibers (nylon or polyester) certain structures are usually coated, which provides a water-resistant fabric. The fabric is water-repellent. Oxford nylon has high strength, elasticity, resistance to abrasion, repeated bending and the action of chemical reagents, characterized by a low hygroscopicity, high elektrosetremont, low thermal and light stability. Polyester Oxford for durability and chemical resistance is slightly inferior to nylon, but is superior in its thermal and light stability.

Oxford RIPSTOP fabric with a profiled yarn that gives the fabric texture improved appearance and greater strength. The density of the fabric due to the thickness of the yarn, which is denoted by DEN (deiner). The larger D, the thicker the thread used in the production, the more pronounced the structure of the tissue.Used cover: PU, PVC.

Application

Oxford 150D (160 g/m2), 210D (170g/m2), 420D (180 g/m2) used to produce upper and clothes (jackets, overalls), clothes and equipment for hunters and fishermen, awnings, tents.

Oxford 420D (180 g/m2), 600D PU (300 g/m2), 600D PVC (500 g/m2), 600D*300D PVC (530 g/m2) - bags, backpacks, suitcases, shoes.

Physical and technical characteristics

Breaking load (at a rate not less than 50кгс on the basis of 30 kgf and in weft): Oxford 150D - 80 kgf on the basis of, kgf warp 45; Oxford 600D - 160kg on base, 120 kgf on the duck. The water proof nad (PU coating) of at least 1000 mm of water column. Frost: Oxford PU -160°C Oxford PVC -50°C.

Recommendations for care

Wash at 40°C, rinse and spin normal, possible tumble dry at low t; Ironing with temperature up to 110°C; conventional dry cleaning is allowed; do not bleach.

Taffeta (Cotton)

Fabric-made fibers (nylon or polyester) with application of various coatings that provide certain fabric properties. Polyester Cotton for strength and chemical resistance is slightly inferior to nylon, but is superior in thermal and light stability. The density of this fabric is caused by the value of T (Tex), E. the total number of threads per square inch in the warp and in the weft direction (in the description of the products, we use only the numeric designation). Used cover: PU, PU milky, Silver, PVC.

Application

Used for the production of tents, bags, awnings, sleeping bags, umbrellas, flags, aprons, workwear (jacket, overalls, pants, including the insulation). Household is used as raincoat for the production of jackets, winter jackets, for the manufacture of footwear.

Physical and technical characteristics

Density: 170Т PVC cotton - 240 g/m2; Cotton 190Т PU, SILVER, MILKY - 93 g/m2; Cotton 210Т SILVER, MILKY - 93 g/m2. Breaking load of 50 kgf (at a rate of not less than 50 kgf) in the warp, 30 kgf (at a rate of not less than 30 kgf) by a duck. The water proof nad for PU coating not less than 1000 mm of water column. Frost: Taffeta PU milky, silver (-160°C), Taffeta PVC (-52°C).

Recommendations for care

Wash at 40°C, rinse and spin normal, tumble dry is not recommended; Ironing with temperature up to 110°C; conventional dry cleaning is allowed; do not dry clean; do not bleach.

PolyTaffeta 210 R/S PU (Polytaffeta)

Made of polyester (Dacron) fibers, which makes it more durable and resistant to UV exposure. The fabric is lightweight and has a water repellent and windproof properties, is reinforced with a thicker thread that creates a kind of durable mesh so that the fabric is more resistant to rupture along the grain. The density of this fabric is caused by the value of T (Tex), E. the total number of threads per square inch in the warp and in the weft direction (in the description of the products, we use only the numeric designation). Used cover: PU 3000.

Physical and technical characteristics

Breaking load - 745 N. Abrasion resistance - more than 10,000 cycles. Change of linear dimensions after wet processing - 1.9 %. The water proof nad - more than 3000 mm water column.

Fleece (Fleece)

Fleece – pile nonwoven fabric, made of flat polyester, which uses special technology of weaving of fibre and the creation of pile (pile in this case is integral with the base). Lightweight, soft, pleasant to touch knitted material. Retains heat, almost does not absorb moisture, dries quickly, does not cause allergies. Due to special processing that prevents from rolling of the pile (antipilling), products made of fleece a long time retain the original appearance. When washing, do not sit, it keeps the shape, elastic. Much stronger than natural tissue, has a high wear resistance. The application is Used as independent material for the production of children's clothing, Jogging suits, knitwear, hats, scarves, toys (density 190 g/m2; 230 g/m2; 270 g/m2), and as insulation for jackets and other outerwear (density 180 g/m2; 190 g/m2). In the production of childrens clothing is not recommended for the first (underwear) layer.

Physical and technical characteristics

Density: 180 - 270 g/m2. Hygroscopicity: 0,8 %.

Recommendations for care

Wash at 40°C, do not use tumble dry; Ironing at temperatures up to 150°C; allowed usual procedure of cleaning with any solvent; do not bleach.

Fleece WINDBLOC

Fabric consisting of two layers of fleece that are connected by a membrane. Such a connection protects against moisture and wind thanks to the special connection of the fibers. Combines thermal insulation and breathability of fleece and petrolacosaurus membrane. Has increased strength. Has a soft pleasant surface. Due to its structure does not require additional WINDBLOCK fabrics for the manufacture of clothing, such as lining fabrics or dublerin. The surface density of 130 to 300 g/sqM. The surface of the material may have a NAP on one or both sides, pattern and color. With antipilling, antistatically treatment.

Polartec (Polartec)

It is a knitted type material "fleece" polyester dense pile, often made with the addition of other fibers: lycra, cotton, wool, nylon and artificial silk, they are added in some cases to give the fabric certain properties (for example, the ability to save the form). Polartec is very warm, lightweight and breathable material. Each fiber is hollow inside, has a complex structure and simulates the fur of Arctic animals.

Polycolon (the Finest)

The finest functional potawatomi material intended for inner surface of clothing and hats. Does not absorb moisture and takes it to outer layers where evaporation occurs. This material has very good insulating qualities. Polycolon also repels dirt. Ideal both for sports and for everyday wear. 100% polypropylene. Developed by Schoeller Bregenz.

Membrane fabric

Modern fabric with membrane coating, which prevents the penetration of wind repels the liquid from the surface, ignores the evaporation body, slows heat loss, partially provides a barrier to external temperature effects, is protected from the penetration of aggressive chemicals.

The membrane is either thin film, which is laminated (glued or welded by special technology) to the upper fabric, or a special impregnation, rigidly applied to the fabric by hot way during production. The inner side of the film or impregnation may be protected by another layer of fabric. In clothes from membrane tissue in any weather except the hottest wet, you can walk/climb without discomfort.

Physical and technical characteristics

The water proof nad - up to 10000 mm water column. Vapour permeability is up to 8000 g/24 h/m2.

In the jacket, which retains more than 6000 mm, you can walk in the rain (8000 mm - you can safely work under a downpour 10000 mm jacket did not get wet).

What is the working principle of the membranes? Some have a chemical structure as a film with a pore size of several thousand times smaller than water droplets but more of a H2O molecule. Therefore, the droplet just passes through them. This ensures waterproofness. But water vapor molecules pass through the pores freely. When you sweat (hard work) there is a difference in partial pressure of water vapor under the jacket and outside. This is the driving force for removal of vapor, which is discharged to the outside. Such membranes are called micropore (Microporous). During active hours of work because of the very good "breathing" properties, but they are truly irreplaceable.

Other type of membranes consists of a dense film without any pores, impervious to water. However, this film brings the molecules of water vapor (again, if there is a difference in partial pressure) due to the open communication of special chemical compounds. Such membranes are called hydrophilic (Hydrophilic). If you need a long time to work under prolonged rain or snow, they will not disappoint.

Both types of membranes has its advantages and disadvantages. Micropore "breathe" better hydrophilic. Hydrophilic stretch better and not get dirty, as it does not have pores. To micropore membrane longer served, it is necessary to wash clothes with special detergents ("Nikwax", etc.). In clothing, uses this type of membranes, the top layer of the fabric by itself should have good water-repellent properties. This is because if the upper fabric is highly wet, the membrane will pass water (due to the fact that the inside of the upper fibres of the material are much weaker forces of surface tension and drops of water as such is not formed). Therefore, it is necessary to restore water repellency fabric with a special impregnation. In addition, no membrane will not "breathe", if on the surface there is a continuous water film or layer of ice. Therefore, restoring water-repellent upper material, it is important for all types of membrane materials.

It should be noted that in garments made from membrane fabrics you will feel comfortable only if used in conjunction with other materials with similar properties. That is, if you wear a cotton shirt, wool sweater, jacket and top made of a membrane fabric, then the work will still be wet. In this case, the most acceptable combination of clothes is: underwear + jacket from material Polartec, Windbloc, Windstopper, Outlast + membrane the jacket.

Recommendations for care

Products should be stored in the expanded form, in a dry, preferably ventilated area, keep away from moisture. Recommended handwash (without soaking) in warm water up to 30°C, using a special shampoo. If not - the usual shampoo, liquid soap. The powder can ruin the membrane. Not be machine washing and chemical cleaning, as this may cause product damage, delamination and deformation of the membrane. After washing, the product should be well wrung out by hand, using Blagovarski material, but not twisting the product. Must be dried flat at room temperature.

Pertex Classic (classic Pertex)

Pertex Classic series includes a range of tissues and is a basic model for technology Pertex. The benefits of technology Pertex became apparent over 15 years have passed since the appearance of this series in the market. Today Pertex Classic is the standard by which all manufacturers are equal.

The fabric is covered with unique water-repellent impregnation, whereby water droplets are not absorbed and collected in drops on the surface, easily slipping down. Water-repellent impregnation is not continuous, this fabric breathes - breathes, not letting moisture inside.

Water-repellent treatment is fluorocarbon-based compounds that simultaneously resisting moisture and dirt, which is important for clothing and equipment for outdoor activities.

Water waista tissue virtually unchanged after repeated washings at a temperature of 40° C and machine drying, recovering after drying, the product.

Advantages Pertex Classic

  • You will be dry and comfortable in clothes from Pertex Classic.
  • The fabric is very pleasant to the touch, light and soft, blending with a variety of heaters.
  • Used in various products.

Fabric composition: Nylon 6.6 (nylon)
Manufacturer: Perceverance Mills Limited (England)

Taslan (Taslan)

Taslan is a material having not only high durability, but also pleasant to the touch. Made from Taslan nylon. To make the fabric more durable and hygroscopic, nylon yarn texturing, changing the macrostructure (different thread, figured cross-section, with a hole along the entire length). As a result get additional properties as: weight loss, strength, resemblance to natural. Application: the production of casual and corporate clothing.

Physical and technical characteristics

Breaking load of 82 N.

Change of linear dimensions after wet processing – 3.4 %.

The water proof nad - more than 400 mm water column.

Recommendations for care

Wash at 40°C, rinse and spin normal, tumble dry is not recommended; Ironing with temperature up to 150°C; dry cleaning and stain removal with solvents is prohibited; do not bleach.

Dewspo (Dyuspo)

Dewspo soft, lightweight, windproof material made of synthetic fibers (polyester). Undemanding to wash, dries quickly, has good air conditioning properties. Protection from moisture creates a special water-repellent coating. Used cover: PUMilky WR 450.

Application: in the garment industry.

Physical and technical characteristics

Density: 120 g/m2.

Cordura (Cordura)

Cordura is a range of modern, high-tech fabrics representing the original structure of woven nylon threads of different thicknesses. Has double the resistance to friction and has a high resistance to different mechanical loads. To obtain the greatest strength of the fabric can be reinforced (RIPSTOP). Used cover: PU, PU 70 PU 450, WR.

Application: manufacturer of backpacks, shoes and outerwear, equipment and working clothes, and in other areas where resistance to punctures, breaks and rough friction.

Physical and technical characteristics: (Cordura® 1000D) Breaking load - 2675 N. Abrasion over 50,000 cycles. Change of linear dimensions after wet processing – 2 %.

hollofayber

Thermobonded, hypoallergenic material made of polyester with a high degree of recoverability, environmentally safe, non-toxic, does not support combustion, will not absorb or hold moisture, does not retain odors, wear-resistant. The uniqueness of Hollofiber is a vertical arrangement of hollow fibers in the form of a helical spring that forms a strong springy structure. Three-dimensional canvas manufactured by thermoscreen with the possibility of calendering the top or bottom layer, thus avoiding migration of the fibers.

Application

Hollofayber-soft perfect for sewing insulated outerwear, tourist and sport equipment.

Hollofayber-volumetric used in the manufacture of sleeping bags.

Physical and technical characteristics

Density: Hollofayber-soft 100 g/m2, 250 g/m2. Hollofayber-volumetric - 250 g/m2. The total thermal resistance: Hollofayber-soft - 0,401° cm2/W, 0,753° cm2/W ACC. Hollofayber-volumetric - 0,753° cm2/W.

Recommendations for care: products allow regular washing and chemical cleaning.

Fiberteck

FIBERTECK™ is a unique combination of thermal insulation and ventilating properties, as well as antimikrobnomu, lack of vorsootdelenie and migration of fibres from insulating material on the outer surface of the upper fabric of the product, resistance to abrasion and solvents, while maintaining high water-repellent ability. Reliably keeps you warm, eliminates the "greenhouse effect". Multiple wash has almost no effect on its thermal insulation, ventilation properties, volume and strength, heat insulation material does not go astray, does not cake and preserves the shape.

Physical and technical characteristics

The total thermal resistance: at a density of 120 g/m2 0,48°cm2/W, with a density of 250 g/m2 - 0,98°cm2/W.

Sintepon

High quality nonwoven filler the traditional way of production. Made from polyester fibers. The bond between the fibers is carried out by thermal method. Great value for the price and quality.

Physical and technical characteristics

Irreversible deformation during repeated compression – up to 30 %.

Neoprene (Neoprene)

Foamed polymer with closed, filled with air cells, made in the form of cloth. On the surface one or two sides tape woven from nylon, polyester, cotton plastic or other fabric, usually knitted knitted. High quality neoprene fabric is not breathable and water. Has a low absorbency. Modifications neoprene with microscopic air holes, E. the material breathes.

Application

Can be used at temperatures from -50 C° to 100 C°. Used for outdoor jackets, used for seals in places fit clothing to the body (wrist, neck, Shin), for the manufacture of waterproof shoes.

Tarpaulin

The fabric has a high resistance to tearing and burning. Consists of cotton (49 %) and linen (51 %). Application: for sewing backpacks, bags, and gloves.

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