Single and double layer
A typical modern tent consists of two layers: the inner tent is made of a thin breathable fabric and waterproof awning. It would seem, what for to fence such kitchen garden? Make a tent out of solid water resistant material and you will have happiness. But the fact is that when breathing in addition, we are constantly exhaled water vapor that condenses on cooling down actively during the night the walls (more on eosdis). The solution found in the walls of the tent made from a light almost do not interfere with the air passage of the fabric, and cover it a waterproof tent in which it will condense. Between them left a gap of 10-15 cm , and drops nothing wetting safely drain down to the ground. Between the layers of the tent is a kind of separation of duties: the awning does not pass into the wind and rain, while the inner tent to protect us from mosquitoes, plus makes the interior space is slightly warmer (on average by 5-8°C above the outdoor temperature).
Thanks to the convenience of the double-layer is now almost completely replaced their single-layer predecessors. The vast majority of what can be found at the tourist Park or the store has a two-layer design.
The share of single-layer tents there are only a few areas where they can be found. First of all this is the cheapest tent, where all considerations of comfort and reliability to bring the victims a small price. There is a narrow layer of ultra-light and assault tents for maximum relief also applies to single-layer design. There are people who knowingly are willing to put up with the condensation for low weight backpack. Specialized tent without floor is usually made of a single layer (for example, camping tents, kitchen tents for winter fishing ). In General, if you need a normal tent for a hike or outdoor recreation, it is better to buy dual layer.
One of the most informative sections in the description of any this is the schematic where you can see internal and external dimensions, as are the arc frame, the number of inputs andD. The inner space of the tent, usually divided by itself sleeper (inner tent) and the vestibule, where you can change clothes, leave shoes, and most of the things.
Designs of tents are very much. Tens and hundreds. And some of them are truly original, like nothing on technical solutions. But still the vast majority of what can be found in the Windows of our stores is one way or another, variations on the theme of the four classical forms: house, barrel, sphere and cube.
But before talking about the advantages and disadvantages of a particular design, I must say a few words about this non-obvious feature of the tent as its habitability. In principle, the larger the area of the tent, the easier it is to live in it and move freely. But if you ever were in the attic of a village house, you probably faced with the fact that, despite it seems to be a decent size, real space, where it is possible to do something, but to lie, much less. So it is with the tent. The more skewed its walls, the less comfortable people on each side, to sit, to eat or to change clothes. The most typical such situation for tent type house . Conversely, the vertical wall, the more space to maneuver. To live more convenientE. habitability of the tent above .
So, the main forms of tents:
- A gable house. Two vertical poles supporting the ridge of the roof. The whole structure is held solely by driven into the ground pegs. The whole XX-th century it was inescapable classics. Now construction dies, and the modern tents are practically no longer in use, crowding out more modern forms. The reason for that primarily poor habitability. Especially in the rain or in a crosswind, when the walls of the tent begin to SAG a little. On the other hand, such tents are light and cheap.
- Barrel. The arc is elastically bent in a semicircle and are arranged parallel to one another. Overall, a decent, still actively used design type. Its advantages include very good habitability and slightly lower weight compared with the sphere. To install a tent to be stretched by means of pegs . And if in normal circumstances it's not made easy, rocky or sandy soil it still adds a bit of a hassle.
- Scope. Design, elastically bent where the arc intersect each other. In practice it is not always in form is exactly a hemisphere, as a geometric figure. But something vaguely similar. Its main advantage is that such tent itself holds its shape. It is easy to install, if necessary, you can lift and carry from one place to another, to turn upside down to dry the bottom, etcD. This is the most common type of construction.
- A rigid frame (cube). Frame of thick curved pipes, most often steel. Due to its almost rectangular shape, this tent is most convenient to find it in full length, for field kitchens, shelters from the sun and soD. But due to very high weight and longer Assembly use only at the property (trips) or in suburban yards.
Also quite often there are combo options where the design of the tent combines several forms. For example, a sphere and a barrel .
External or internal frame
Structurally, all double layer tents can be divided into those in which the arc of the frame are provided inside (between the inner tent and awning) and those in which they are located outside. From the point of view of animals, no difference. The only difference in the Assembly process. In a tent with an internal frame on a first arc clinging to the inner tent, then the top dressing tent. And in the tent with external frame and the inner tent is already bonded to each other and cling to the frame simultaneously, in one action (read more about the Assembly of both types, see here).
As for travel (camping) tents, in stores you can find plenty of models of your choice with both external and internal frame. But with few exceptions almost all unessecarily as to hook the hooks and throw the tent on design with a height under two meters far not to everyone's growth.
Each type has its pros and cons. Tent with external frame is easy to put in the rain: unrolled the bundle and pulled on arches and finished. While vnutriserdecna getting wet during Assembly until it is covered by an awning (but this can be fought successfully). On the other hand, sorting in the morning vnutriserdecnuu the tent, we remove the awning and shook free from drops of condensate, quickly to dry. With vneshnetorgovoe tent here on the contrary is somewhat more complicated. If its shake, most of the condensate will not fall on the ground and wets fastened to an awning inner tent. So it is necessary to climb inside, to unhook all the hooks by which they are linked, drying, and then meshing it all back. If cold, rich condensate on the night go one by one, and every day you collect-apart the tent, it may seem like quite a chore...
And, in conclusion, I will say a few words about the so-called pre-fabricated or prefabricated tents (tents-machines). Usually, people unfamiliar with tourism, collecting his first tent for 20-30 minutes. There is something to think about, something to experiment. But, it is worth it to do it a few times, and the process takes only 5-7 minutes. With bulky camping tents a little more, but overall the situation is quite similar. So the vast majority of people, regularly engaged in the tourism and leisure destinations outdoors not every day makes it difficult to assemble and disassemble their tents in the usual way.
However, there are several types of tents-machines. First of all, it's spring loaded design, rolled into a flat disc. Got the pancake out of the package, threw on the ground, x-x-x-o-o-o-p, and the tent is already assembled . However, its folding back still requires some skill. There is already a need to know what to do, otherwise, they can be a long time circling around helplessly, wondering how to pack back your home (, ). It's always fairly cheap tents, without any claims to lightness, compactness and reliability special. Accordingly, to go a few times a year for a weekend on the river or put in the yard for children – Yes. But to take such a thing even in the simplest five-day hike, quite a controversial decision. Here it is necessary to remember about some of the inherent disadvantages of this design: fully assembled it is quite a volume drive which you have to carry, they put somewhere outside of the backpack, due to the low rigidity of the frame already with little wind it starts to chew and shake from side to side, and if one of the rings of the frame breaks, you have serious sculpting crutches to save the day and somehow monochelate the remainder of the night.
The second type of automatic tents works like an umbrella. . This is a more serious design. In fact, it is those same ordinary tents, but they arc already pre sewn to the awning. We produce them mainly Greenell and Maverick. As the flip side of the rapid Assembly, in this case, it is slightly more weight and less reliability (dismountable joints sometimes arcs can become clogged with sand, and if something breaks, it is possible to fix such a tent can only otveta it to the dealer or it is a lifelong disability). But in certain cases, the "umbrellas" can be a very good option. For example, fishing where several times during the day should go from place to place.
However, I repeat: pre-fabricated it is rather the exception than the rule.