Camouflages of the world: species, colors,

Camouflages of the world: species, colors,

In different countries in different ways to camouflage equipment. First, camouflage colors change over time, improving protective functions and adapting to different types of terrain. Secondly, different types of troops have different camouflage.

Not always camouflage
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camouflage
(FR. camouflage "camouflage") a mottled camouflage coloration used to reduce the visibility of people, weapons, equipment, structures due to the breaking of the silhouette of the product or subject
To learn about Camouflage from the Encyclopedia
turned out successful. For example, the Americans were trapped in the "forest" camouflage, adapted for deciduous forests of the middle zone, in the deserts of Afghanistan and Iraq. The bug was fixed, but the cost of this error was very high.

Not always good samples still exist. For example, border guard camo "birch" was taken out of service and remained only in camouflage kits intelligence. Various versions of "birches" can be bought in shops that specialise in camouflage for hunting, fishing and airsoft.

Let's look at types of tanks, as used currently and in historical perspective.

Classic. Historical base color of camouflage

Khaki (Khaki)

Ancestor of all modern camouflage.

The base color of protective clothing. First appeared in service with the British army in 1896.

The Americans learned from the experiences of British and dressed in his army khaki
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khaki
The history of camouflage Khaki . Khaki (from the Hindi ख़ाकी "dusty", then of pers. خاکی "dusty, earthy colours") the name of dusty earthy shades from dirty yellow to greenish...
To learn about Hacks from the Encyclopedia
to 1899.

Color khaki
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khaki
The history of camouflage Khaki . Khaki (from the Hindi ख़ाकी "dusty", then of pers. خاکی "dusty, earthy colours") the name of dusty earthy shades from dirty yellow to greenish...
To learn about Hacks from the Encyclopedia
is the base field camouflage and used as the basis for the development of almost all types of camouflage clothing. This color is also used by default for painting surfaces, weapons, objects.

Amazingly, the style called "dirt", as translated in the word khaki
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khaki
The history of camouflage Khaki . Khaki (from the Hindi ख़ाकी "dusty", then of pers. خاکی "dusty, earthy colours") the name of dusty earthy shades from dirty yellow to greenish...
To learn about Hacks from the Encyclopedia
with the Persian, conquered not only the trenches, but the catwalks of high fashion, and keeps the position for a century. In fashion there are varieties of colors khaki Safari style, with patch pockets, wide belts and form-fitting silhouettes and military style – aggressive style that hides the contours of the body.

Olive (Olive Green)

Olive. Also considered a classic camouflage. Deeper color than khaki. If khaki
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khaki
The history of camouflage Khaki . Khaki (from the Hindi ख़ाकी "dusty", then of pers. خاکی "dusty, earthy colours") the name of dusty earthy shades from dirty yellow to greenish...
To learn about Hacks from the Encyclopedia
adapted to the desert, Olive Green has a broader application profile. Used in the U.S. army during World war II, Korean and Vietnam wars.

Along with khaki, olive
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olive
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widely used in the fashion industry, in the field of design, especially design of relaxation. Often used in good medical and rehabilitation sanatoriums.

The version of "Black" (dark grey), black camouflage
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camouflage
(FR. camouflage "camouflage") a mottled camouflage coloration used to reduce the visibility of people, weapons, equipment, structures due to the breaking of the silhouette of the product or subject
To learn about Camouflage from the Encyclopedia
smoky with a slight overflow.

Used mainly by intelligence agencies when conducting night operations, and is also used paramilitary and prison guards.

Black camouflage
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camouflage
(FR. camouflage "camouflage") a mottled camouflage coloration used to reduce the visibility of people, weapons, equipment, structures due to the breaking of the silhouette of the product or subject
To learn about Camouflage from the Encyclopedia
can also be used for intimidation. A kind of enhanced camouflage cinematic ninja.

Navy Blue

Classic camouflage, with the original name blue marine was used from 1748 for the Navy of great Britain. Blue sea form was subsequently borrowed by many countries and is reflected in uniform, the clothes and even school uniform.

It is considered that the uniform dark blue color stimulates the diligence, tenacity and high work capacity.

Snow camo Snow camouflage.Widely used by security agencies for conducting field investigations.Camouflage was developed for special military units, intelligence and special forces in the Arctic, Antarctic and to conduct operations in the winter season.
Brushstroke, Denison camoThis camouflage "brushstroke" was created in Britain and was used in service with various countries of the world until 1960. Depicts multi-directional strokes of a wide brush on the base color khaki.Used mainly in tropical and Asian countries. Became the basis for "swipe" a skin of a lizard, tiger, knight.

The Soviet Union, Russia

KZS. 1975-76 Camouflage net anti-radiation protection with digital drawing. Is not currently available. The fabric was impregnated with special substances that prevent combustion.Spacious mesh camouflage suit was worn over uniforms. After use, the suit was not reused, buried or burned. Scope of application: intelligence, army.
Dubok, Bhutan 1984. Army camouflage. Initially designed for airborne troops and troops. Tri-color woodland camouflage. Currently used in aircraft and landing units.Also in various modifications is used for tourist clothes. In many respects coincides with the us Woodland camouflage pattern.
Flora and digital flora
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digital flora
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(simulating a two-color pixel binning). Tri-color army uniforms, replacing the "Bhutan". Is currently in use.Has a more dynamic breakdown silhouette. The coloring is also called "watermelon".
Birch, gold leaf, silver leaf, Sunny Bunny, the guard. Legendary camouflage pattern, imitating the play of light in foliage.Designed for border troops. Later it was used in reconnaissance and airborne units. In the West the pattern is known as "camouflage KGB".
Palma. Camouflage pattern 1944. Tropical vegetation. Demonstrates open-mindedness of the Soviet leadership. Camouflage was used in reconnaissance and special units of WWII.
Amoeba. 1935. A two color camouflage with dividing ameboid pattern. During movement, the contours of the figures are blurred, like the amoeba. Interesting visual effect, despite the apparent simplicity of execution.
Knight, "reed". Camo, designed for troops of the interior Ministry special purpose. Variations "tiger" camo, which is reflected in the title, in which distinct allusion to "the knight in the Panther's skin". There are winter and summer options. Can be used both in urban and in field conditions.
HRV-93, "vertikalka".Military camo 1993.

Modern Russian camouflages freely available

  • Birch. Spot khaki on an olive background. Repeats the well-known digital camo "birch", the border guard, silver leaf, but in the other colors.
  • Gray reed. Autumn, winter camouflage. Used by hunters and security structures. Horizontal camouflage pattern.
  • Gray city. Urban winter camo based on the overlapping spots of different size. 4 colors.
  • The reindeer moss. Camouflage for green areas of the middle band. Olive, with small spots
  • Figure. Classic four-colour digital camouflage pixel pattern.
  • Flora. The traditional "woodland" camo, 4 colors.
  • Kink. Digital camouflage based on the classic flecktarn bundestagswahl.
  • Frog. Another perfect forest camouflage camo based on flecktarn. A distinctive feature of this camouflage is the presence of bright brown spots with a dark outline.
  • The figure of the guard. A great option for the middle band on the basis of the MARPAT camouflage.
  • Figure field, tundra. Camouflage for desert terrain with pale or mild vegetation.
  • Figure grey. Excellent modern winter camouflage in pixel style.
  • Point. A hybrid of traditional forest colors with a dark "amoeba". Quality camouflage for deciduous and coniferous forests.%

Britain

Britain is a founder of the industrial army camouflage. Many types of camouflage designs had been developed in Britain. Blue sailors, khaki, olive, swipe camouflage for desert terrain — all the inventions of the British.

Disruptive Pattern Material (explosion, splash texture) is one of the main tanks based on the strokes of different orientation. From classic massovogo camouflage "broad brush", this type is more sporadic and uneven stroke width.

Germany, Wehrmacht, Germany, Germany

Rauchtarnmuster Camouflage, ideal for deciduous and coniferous forests in summer and autumn. There was a separate option for spring. Was also released experimental batch of double-sided camouflage having on the inside a different pattern. Was used in the assault brigade SS.
Splittermuster, WH splintertarn. First army uniforms of Germany. 1931. Camouflage is also called a "comminuted" or "broken glass". One of the most accurate ammo in the world. At equal intervals were applied color stains four colors, roughly the same shape and size.
SS – Eichenlaubmuster, WH eichentarn. Camo "Dubok" in the interpretation of the Wehrmacht. Figure created for the Waffen-SS. Known variations : 6 colors (Burgundy, black, olive, green, brown on khaki base) version of 1942.There is also the option of using 5 colors – with the exception of Burgundy.

For each variation of camo provided for winter and summer color options.

SS-Erbsenmuster, getarnter Drillichanzug. A simplified version of the camouflage of the Wehrmacht sample March 1944. Universal coloring, without division into winter and summer. The costumes and suits of this color were made by General nerazmennye patterns. The fit of the camo on the figure was on the ground.A special decree was approved the requirement for each soldier to have at least 2 pieces of a camouflage colouring.
DDR DDR-Russisches Tarnmuster. The first camo army of the GDR in the "Russian style". Was used for approximately 40 years until 1958. There are 2 versions. Brown spots and brown spots with a black outline.
Strichtarnmuster, NVA strichtarn "rain" Camo army of the GDR from 1965 to 1990. Is the simplified variation of the Splittermuster camo. Brown stripes on the base color khaki.
NVA flachentarn, Blumentarn, "floral" camouflage. Used in the internal troops of the GDR from 1950 to 1967. Is based on Splittermuster with blurry around the edges spots.
BW flecktarn. Under this designation a class is quite a good camouflage pattern. Derived from the words Fleck (spot) and Tarnung (camouflage). Translation flecktarn camouflage based on random spots. Original name Flecktarnmuster, developed in the 70-ies.

The army was used in West Germany in the 80-ies. A distinctive feature of the camouflage in the details. Camouflage the spots are small in size. Known variants with a predominance of black and brown or green and olive colors.

At the moment, derived from flecktarn
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flecktarn
(CAMOUFLAGE) IN 1976, the German Bundeswehr has developed several prototypes of camouflage design for testing as a replacement for plain "Oliva" (moleskin). At least four different...
Learn about Flecktarn from the Encyclopedia
used in many countries, in particular in Poland and in China.

Tarnmuster, Amoebatarn. Improved variant of the Splittermuster, supplemented ameboid pattern.
BW tropentarn. One of the new desert camouflage 1990. Breakdown silhouette random spots on the background of khaki.

Basic camouflage USA

Woodland. The most common camouflage USA. Developed in the mid 80's. Available in 4 basic versions. Currently in the army units are replaced by MARPAT.
  • general primary, without modifications
  • lowland with preobladali green, marshy and low-lying areas
  • highland mountain, with shades of brown
  • delta with the possibilities of camouflage in the infrared range
3-color desert. Tri-color desert camouflage. Was actively used by VDV in Afghanistan and Iraq. Was replaced by a better camouflage MARPAT
6-color desert, Chocolate Chip, chocolate. Soft wavy pattern in shades of brown with simulated small stones. Not currently used in the U.S. army, but this camouflage is actively supplied "friendly" USA.
Digital woodland. Digital forest. The main camouflage of the U.S. army at the moment. Very good camouflage color. No worse than "birch" is the best camouflage of the USSR. There are three main variants of the MARPAT camouflage forest, desert and urban. The color mixing algorithm is stored, changing the color balance and the ratio of spots of the base color.
Digital desert. Digital desert. Variation olive MARPAT in which the basis is replaced by a basic khaki. Variant of digital camouflage for the desert.
AT-digital. Tri-color camouflage pattern based on MARPAT. Used khaki, olive and brown.
Multicam. Woodland modified (taken out of service a type of camouflage), used in commercial firms and security agencies. Good camouflage, but the developers have unnecessarily complicated the picture, what led to the decline of camouflage properties.

Camo Canada

CADPAT. Modification of MARPAT digital camouflage. There is debate who first invented this type of camouflage. We will not insist. Perhaps this is a modification of MARPAT CADPAT. Perhaps Vice versa. The principle of construction camouflage colors the same.
JACKET, GARRISON, LAND, canadian forest camouflage. Suitable for both hardwood and coniferous forests.
Duck hunter. Delauny translation of "Hunter on ducks". Camouflage for hunters. Consists of large color spots on an olive or khaki. Sold in sports and hunting stores. Good because it can provide relative invisibility to animals, but the hunter is still visible for people, which is especially important on the hunt.

Camouflage China

Figure. Pixel images are widely distributed and used by almost all armies of the world. Due to the high adaptation to any surface and easy reproduction of the picture in all colors, is in high demand.

Constantly developing new versions of digital camouflage.

flecktarn "spots"in the Chinese modification. Green protective camouflage was adopted as a military virtually unchanged, was also used for border and internal troops.

Desert variant with a predominance of khaki was designed for the police of Peking, troops in Tibet. In General, the Chinese army copy successful colors from other countries.

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