Industry produces tents for various kinds of travel, climatic zones, seasons, as well as mobile and stationary outdoor recreation.
Tourist tents are classified as tents :
- for highlands,
- for the Midlands
- for plains.
In each of these three categories there is a conditional division into "upper", "medium" and "low" tents. This gradation depends on the materials used arcs and awning, technologies, materials and designs.
Alpine tents are divided into forwarding and assault. Tents for high mountains specially designed for extreme conditions: high altitude above sea level, frost, strong wind andD.
Expedition tents - for "Himalayan" style of climbing when the climbing is created a few basic camps. The expedition tent is designed to stand long in one place, so it should be wind-resistant design is tough enough to withstand the pressure of wind and snow.
Assault tent - for the "Alpine" style, in which base camp are not put, and during all climbing tent carry; so the assault the tent should be as light as possible.
Tents for srednegorja combine the quality of forwarding and assault tents: they are more comfortable and therefore heavier assault, but it is easier forwarding.
Flat tents - for a bog, tundra, taiga, for simple hikes, picnics, outs "on the weekend". Usually in the catalogs of the firm indicate the recommended purpose tents (for example, for mountaineering, climbing, caravanning).
Tents for srednegorja and flat tents are divided into:
Camping tent is used by lovers of long outdoor recreation. It is very comfortable when using it for camping sites, children's camps, picnics, weekend, base camps on the approach to the climbing. Tents are equipped by comfortable and adjustable vents and mosquito nets at the inputs. Tents of this type differ the raised comfort. They may be several rooms, Windows, corridors. In most tents you can walk in full growth. In General, small moved apartment. But for the comfort, as you know, you have to pay. And not only money. First of all, the inability to use such tents in other types of hikes because of their greater weight (over 7 kg.).
Universal tents are very comfortable, they do not apply such stringent requirements for wind resistance, but others that are common to all types of quality, such as water resistance, the use of "breathable" fabrics andD. should be at the proper level.
Tents for Hiking and mountain trekking.
The specificity of these hikes - You have only what you carry behind him. It's not easy, so the extra pounds in the tent You nowhere. In addition, sometimes the wind blows, the rain drips and the snow falls. Because of this requirement to the tents tough enough - the weight per person should not be more than 1.2-1.3 kg for 3-bed and 1-1.1 kg. 4-bed tents. At the same time the construction must be tough enough to withstand the pressure of wind and snow. Well, if the tent is equipped with a "skirt" to protect from the snow.
Tents for water hikes.
It is unlikely that You will go on a trip like this in winter, and hence protection from the snow You most likely do not need. The weight of the tent also will not play a significant role, and hence the tent you can choose more conveniently. Wind resistance is also not a critical parameter, so the two classic forms - "hemispheres" and "polubochki" - you can choose last due to the larger useful volume and better habitability.
Tents can be divided according to structural features into two main groups:
- single layer
Single-layer tents is made mostly of waterproof synthetic materials. Their main advantages are lightness and compactness, and the main problem - the condensate accumulating on the walls of the tent. Therefore, when choosing a single-layer tents should be guided, primarily, by the kind and quality of fabric. If the material is waterproof but "breathing" it required an elaborate system of ventilation: mesh openings on all sides of the tent. Currently the most widely many kinds of two-layer tents, as the most functional.
double layer tent consists of two tents: outer - and inner waterproof-lightweight, breathable. Double layer tent in the form are divided into: "Hemispheres" or dome tents "polubochki" Dvuskatnye or tent tents
"Hemispheres" or dome tents
"Hemispheres" and their various modifications are well exposed to the wind (some manufacturers "lose" prototypes in a wind tunnel at wind speeds of 50-60 m/s!), but have lower life volume due to the spherical arch. Classic "hemisphere" is based upon two crossed arches of a skeleton. Based on the classic a huge number of hybrid designs: from lightweight single or double tents all on one arc to a professional "winter" models, the frame of which consists of b and more complicated interwoven arcs. This is necessary to give the tent a more streamlined shape and at the same time to reduce the square "parpadeo" awning, leaning on the frame. Without the instruction to understand with the production of such a tent can be difficult. The advantages of this type include the following features: good wind resistance; the ability to install without any extensions (to reach the same wind resistance, it is necessary to stretch it), and move without dismantling the structure; the ability to install by one person with certain skills for 5-7 minutes. "Hemisphere" can be put almost on any surface. From disadvantages it is necessary to note the presence of the frame is like nothing weight.
"Polubochki" (they also say "the hangar" or "cylinder") are slightly better habitability, the big useful volume. "Polubochki" there are two or three arches of a skeleton (sometimes more, but it's a lot huge, many-placed tents); it all depends on size, sail area (upwind area). The presence of the third intermediate arch utezheljaet a design, but improves the strength and prevents sagging of the awning. From the title it is obvious that tents of this type represent half a cylinder, stretched to 3-4 arcs that are installed perpendicular to the cylinder axis. Compared to "hemispheres" this type makes for a more comfortable sleeping places (greater specific volume, big ride height of the tent). Often polosochkah a third volume and a good half is a roomy vestibule, making them, in our opinion, is particularly attractive as a base tent or during a long stay in one place. "Flip" is almost never used in high-altitude climbs. But, unfortunately, tents of this type are inferior to hemispheres on the parameters of stability and ease of mounting and suffers long.
Dvuskatnye or tent tents
Tents are the traditional form still find application in simple camping trips, as well as the mess in BC big expeditions. And although on the basic parameters they are inferior to the above two types, their advantages include simple supporting structures.
Important elements of the successful design solutions are the vestibule, skirts, mosquito nets and other, at first sight, trifles.
The vestibule is a storage place all sorts of things, usually, gaining a lot of, the kitchen in the conditions of bad weather, as well as a launching pad for entering in aggressive environment. We can say unequivocally that to perform all these functions, the tambour should be as large as possible. Vintage outdoor-proverb says: "One tambour good, but two is still better". As a rule, one vestibule is used as a storage chamber, and the second for everything else (see above). To increase the volume of the vestibule is used two steps: the use of a separate arch or a special surface element. When using a separate arc, it is preferable that it was attached not to the ends of major arcs, and crossed with them - it increases the overall rigidity and prevents "unauthorized" folding. Great importance is the location of the platform (end or side). The first option is more attractive. As it facilitates the entry and exit of the tent (not necessary perelazit through peacefully sleeping comrades), more rational use of the area, that is critical on camps. On the other hand, the lateral design of the platform allows to do without additional arc, which reduces the overall weight of the tent, but does not improve its performance, as it turns out, though voluminous, but low and inconvenient.
The skirt is a strip of cloth around the perimeter of the tent, directly adjacent to the ground. Can be both sewn and removable. Should at least be capable of sliding thereof. The presence of a skirt is extremely necessary when using a tent in the mountains in winter or just at low temperatures. This and additional insulation, no nasty draughts from the side and from below; and this is an opportunity to further strengthen the tent, burying the "skirt" of snow or putting on her cut from a dense snow bricks.
alcoholization of an awning and inner tent
Ways of fastening of an awning and inner tent to the frame. There are two options. Option one: the frame can be outside the tent and fastened to it through the pockets, the inner tent is suspended to the tent. Option two: the frame is inserted in a pocket or hung on hooks (that much more conveniently) the inner tent and the tent top is tensioned. In the first case, the tent is going lighter and with less loss (it is convenient to leave it in the rain or in strong winds: first you put the tent, so the inner tent does not get wet). The disadvantages of this design is that you can't put up a tent without a tent and with strong gusts of wind can easily tear the pockets for the frame tents (there is even the newest firms). In the second case, first you put the inner tent and the tent of the plane rests on the frame - this tent in the rain need to put more quickly. On some tents with this system fastening of the frame may be a slight software upgrade that eliminates this disadvantage. But at dry and warm weather can do without a tent On the elements fastening the tent to the frame. Here there is a complete pluralism among manufacturers, it is still possible to allocate such basic currents:
- hooks - allow you to quickly and easily attach tent to the frame, but relatively fragile;
- the strings are cheap, reliable and cheerful, but for a long time;
- Velcro - fast, but unreliable;
- pockets - reinforced concrete but not very convenient during installation;
- lacing - not tested
Very important when an invasion of buzzing bloodsuckers. Typically, the grid must be duplicate inputs.
A prerequisite for the assignment of tents to the category of "good" and especially "great" -the presence of well-designed ventilation system. On some foreign models can access the external vents of the inner tent. Through the ventilation holes in the tent should not get the snow or rain. It is better if ventilation can be opened or closed, not getting out of tent. The tent must be equipped with additional wind delays, and their places prishiva to the awning needs to be strengthened by overlays.
Also needed are various pleasant things that make life so much easier: plenty of pockets, holders for lamps and pendant burners, a grid beneath the ceiling for drying small items.
The login form can be very diverse depending on the purpose of tent and preferences of the owner of the tent. The most easy to manufacture and durable tube ("sleeve"), but to use it inconveniently. Previously, most of the makeshift tents were supplied in this entry, but now the tube was left only in winter, "Arctic" models, where there is a risk of lightning and icing is required to provide a minimum clearance fit in the tent man tents and cloth - that flew inside less snow. The majority of tents supplied with entrance zipper with plastic teeth. For winter use with metal you can not buy: the metal will instantly become covered with frost and freeze. Entrance double -fabric inner tent mosquito net is duplicated; if desired, you can close both layers or to use only any one. Many models of tents have two entrances; this is especially true for 3-4 local tents.
First, we need to estimate how many people will live in a tent. Secondly, the size of the inner tent is also worth considering, in particular to persons of high growth. Be able to stretch out in the tent in full growth? Because proper rest is also necessary. How convenient you can sit in the tent? To ride out the vagaries of nature better still, not in quite a contorted position. Also pay attention to the dimensions of the vestibule-the shelter of your shoes and backpacks. It needs to be capacious enough even for shoes and utensils of all living in a tent.
From them above all require lightness, strength and frame tents shall not deform under load. These requirements make a good match with rack of various aluminum alloys. And is often used fiberglass or plastic, but they are less durable.
For the manufacture of arc frames are used the following materials known to us:
- duralumin brand D16T: easy, cheap;
- zinc aluminum alloy B95 brand: D16T better, but more expensive;
- anodized aluminum alloy type 7075 T6 Easton, 7001 T6;
- different types of glass fibers: lightweight, durable material having no residual deformation, but the cold is relatively fragile;
- steel frames with high strength and elasticity, but also more weight, which narrows the range of applications.
Currently, most manufacturers use either plastic racks, or tubes made from aluminum alloys. Plastic racks used in cheap "beach" models, they are less durable and maintainable. It is important to note, that in high mountains of plastic for 2-3 seasons decomposes under the action of a rigid ultraviolet and becomes very brittle. Aluminum frames are much more durable. The alloy is selected so that after removal of the load does not remain deformed. Properly selected manufacturer of metal and after 5 years of intensive work does not take the form of the arc tubes remain absolutely straight and elastic. There is such simple test: collected empty tent should be lifted above the ground for one arch - and the form should be maintained without any deformations. This is an important indicator of the strength and elasticity of the frame (and ease of tent, of course). For ease of Assembly, all parts of the same arc strung on elastic band; greatly simplified the process of setting up tents, so less chance of losing any part of the frame.
Skeletons are internal and external, that is, under the awning or outside of it. In strong wind it is more convenient to pitch a tent with an external skeleton. It is arranged so: on sides of tent sewn special gum, they are thrown through the arc of the frame in one quick movement and fixed on a hook on the same side. Tents for Midlands - on metal or plastic, tents for plain - mostly on plastic skeletons.
Foreign firms use for metal frames or American Easton, or other djuraljuminivye alloys. Russian manufacturers, as a rule, use duralumin D16T. Since Easton - easier and better with the same design and fabric tent in Easton will cost 1.5-2 times more expensive than a tent on the D16T. Plastic frames are GRP (fiberglass), carbon fiber, Kevlar and so on D. Good plastic frames are determined not only by the material used (usually a carbon fiber or Kevlar), and high manufacturing techniques with spatial orientation and stress fibers. Fiberglass features a low cost, absence of residual deformation, but it's almost twice heavier than aluminium alloy, not frost resistant, has a low strength. These properties are sufficient for light hikes. Lightweight plastic frames (CFRP or Kevlar) are characterized by high manufacturing techniques with spatial orientation and stress fibers, therefore, the cost of such skeletons above metal.
It should immediately say that frame tents are divided into two-layer (awning + inner tent) and single layer. The material of the tent single layer tent should meet the following requirements: the water resistance combined with breathability (necessary to prevent condensation of moisture on the inner surface of the tent). As a rule, such quality have membranous tissue and la Gore-Tex. Similar designs win under weight characteristics, but the high cost of membrane fabrics increase the cost of tents up to an indecent level.
For double-layer tents, everything is easier: the tent should not leak, to be strong and light, and the space between it and the inner tent (at least two inches) is used to drain the condensate inevitably formed during respiration. These requirements are more or less satisfy such materials as POLYESTER RIPSTOP, NYLON TAFFETA, silicone (polymer material coated with a layer of silicone). As the awning is not a full product, and is sewn from individual parts, seams, glue, otherwise their resistance will end. When choosing a tent make sure the tent is not in contact with the inner cloth. Omission of this moment threatened unpleasant consequences - in this place the moisture will get.
The main category under which primarily judged on the quality of the tent is the height of a column of water, which he guaranteed to withstand. Very good are the indicators close to 10 meters. Of course, at this depth the tent trying not to, but the serious water drop, who arrived from the heavens with great speed flops on the fabric and presses very strongly. For high-quality sealing seams of an awning glued the same ribbon, Containers, and all sorts of stretching that secure the awning to the ground, must not with a strong tension to form the growing holes.
Joints is the place where water starts to drip in the first place. The seams on the tent or glued, or boil. Sizing is used on cheaper materials ("silver"). The last time a company used the technology of 'Cara" - a special tape machine welds the seam waterproof tape (of a material similar in properties to the material of an awning). The fusion is more durable than gluing. In any case, it is advisable to get an agent for gluing the seams, and occasionally to further process them. Tent with not glued seams automatically falls under the category of lower or, oddly enough, on the contrary, the most professional. For example, any superheaped up of tent stitches can be not glued, just because the tent will have to stand above the zone of rain - in just the sizing is not necessary. There is another approach to the treatment of the seams, which is quite rare: "reinforced seams". Reinforced seam is a seam placed him in the sling. With the right ratio of stretch webbing and fabric tent with reinforced seams good stretches, and the seam is not stretched, the hole misses the water. To the inner tent does not unravel at the seams (and nylon have such an undesirable property), the stitching is specially treated, and in the end, looks like the side seam of the jeans brand Levi's. Strength is achieved by the fact that in fact four layers of material are joined with double stitching.
The basic requirements are as follows: the fabric needs to breathe (for the purposes of ventilation) to be lightweight and durable. Mainly use RIPSTOP NYLON (reinforced nylon), NYLON TAFFETA (not to be confused with Nylon Taffeta Silver), POLYCOTTON, COTTON They are strong enough, very light, good air permeability and water vapor that condenses on the inner surface of the outer cover and drips to the ground.
This is the basis. It is in the most rigid mode of operation, in fact tent to have to put on sharp rocks, ice, snow, water, sand... If the bottom is not wet, and sleeping bag and other things have remained dry, and this, in turn, comfort. Absolute water-resistance possessed by the tissues, if they can withstand getting wet without the water pressure of 3,000 mm, which is two times higher than DIN standard for waterproof fabrics, which gives, in addition, the heat resistance and flame retardancy, while maintaining flexibility. Use POLYESTER RIPSTOP, PU 6000 NYLON TAFFETA, HEAVY NYLON TAFFETA MODEN 8000 8000 PU, NYLON OXFORD, POLYOXFORD, 210Т RIPSTOP NYLON. Aluminized Polyester Ripstop (without polyurethane) has parameters of water resistance is significantly lower (1500-2000 mm). Polyurethane-treated Nylon Taffeta can withstand the pressure from 1000 to 1500 mm. Also use waterproof reinforced polyethylene, but it has a greater specific gravity and therefore used in camping models. Equity and corner seams definitely sealed with a special tape Packaging. Water in the tent so the bottom gets only if its level rises above the level of the bottom trough. The bottom of cheaper options of tents made of reinforced polyethylene, which by itself does not get wet. If well and regularly glue seams this tent will be a good idea to hold water. Lifetime plastic bottom will still be much less.
SOME DESIGN FEATURES ALPINE ASSAULT TENTS.
- You need to pay attention on lightning. Some of them can not stand extreme overloads type hurricane of wind and snow. Well proved zipper No. 5 - width of joints 5 mm. On good tents on the dogs of the mysterious YKK zippers written. Zipper this stamp is not satisfactory.
- Inside the tubes should be skipped gum, which frame, posted in the free state, is going independently, you will agree, quite convenient on a shelf- not to ensure that any item is not gone forever in a deep abyss.
- The system stropochek and hooks unlike other systems of a suspension bracket of internal tent it is possible to work in down mittens. By the way, than not another test: ask down mittens in the store (or put on two pairs of ordinary construction, or at worst just hand wrap a piece of cloth) and try to put up a tent, You are going to buy...
- Smooth seam (Smooth seam) - the idea itself is simple and suggests itself. Remember the children's joke - "Why so smoothly, and so no?"when one child spends on the face of the other first downwards and then upwards, brushing the chin, nose, eyebrows etc... And here, in compliance with this rule, all seams smoothed in the direction of the water flow and drops of rain, turning into streams and streams without encountering on its way any obstacles falling to the ground, allowing you to get a decent impermeability even without gluing the seams. So easy to understand the idea turns out to be quite difficult in practice because of technological difficulties. And is not realized by any producer. So worth a look - whether it's a rule on that tent You are using or going to buy
- The apron or skirt width of 15 to 25 cm falls to the ground or snow and drains water from the bottom. Plus bars the way cold air into the inner tent. Can be enhanced ribbon with eyelets in the corners for the pegs
- Waterproof bottom is a waterproof bottom. Immediately solved some problems with the choice of location. You can even put the tent in a puddle. Especially at night and if you're very tired. A waterproof tent is a waterproof tent. It will not occur in a light rain, and strong in the slashing rain.I must say that the impermeability of the tissues of the awning and the bottom is not an abstract concept ,but has its own units of measurement-mm of water column\square meter of fabric. That is what height in mm of water column will maintain a square meter of cloth not soaking through. For example, resting your knee on the wet snow ,You create pressure on the material of the pants 10,000 mm V.article\squareM. The tent should withstand at least 3000 mm.V.article\squarem and the bottom is in 2 times more. Self-respecting manufacturers give similar characteristics.
- The weight of the tent of similar type shall not exceed 1.1 kg per person. The more capacity,the less weight per person.
Tents. What material is best?
Ceteris paribus, in different models of tents using different fabrics, accessories, threads and so onD. These are key components of any product, which mainly influences the cost of equipment and its functional properties, you should pay attention when you want to buy a tent.
Tents and materials published in different countries, by different manufacturers, are labeled completely differently. Moreover, You will find two businesses that would be designated fabric in the same way. A mess is observed in the figures that describe properties such as water resistance, breathability of membrane materials, strength, weight. This is due to the use of data obtained through various tests conducted under different conditions. To provide exact data on many companies "forget" or consider it superfluous - this is often dictated by competition.
When buying a tent you should pay attention to the designation of the awning. Here's what can be found in various descriptions:
- Rip Stop Nylon 190T;
- 210Т Rip Stop Nylon PU 3000;
- 185Т Polyester Taffeta PU/Si;
- 210Т Rip Stop Nylon PU;
- 70D Polyester Ripstop W/R;
- 75D Polyester Ripstop PU/ SI;
- 70D Nylon Taffeta 210T PU;
- 75D Nylon Taffeta W/R;
Poly Taffeta 75D PU.
Let's deal with those codes in order. The description can contain information about the following properties of the tissue: The density (strength). There are different ways of marking fabric density:
Thread Count is the total number of threads per square inch in the longitudinal and transverse directions (for example: 210Т means 210 thread count). The higher the number, the denser the fabric;
Den (So) - the thickness of the threads involved in weaving (for example: 75D)
The chemical composition of the filaments:
Polyester, Poly - polyester Nylon - nylon (polyamide)
Type of netting fabric (for example: Rip Stop Taffeta fabric with weaving, where after a certain number of threads woven more thick thread. In this case, the fabric is more tear-resistant with a slight increase in weight)
Tactel filet - type of special threads (it happens: Nylon 66, Dupon Nylon 66, Tactel filet ande); usually, a proper name
Type of treatment tissue (e.g. PU 3000):
PU - polyurethane coating (typically applied on the inside of the fabric);
3000 - the waterproof index of the tissue in mm of water column (up to 1500 mm - the fabric cannot be considered waterproof, when the rain it will begin to leak; 3000mm and more - the fabric of the awning will withstand almost any weather conditions);
PU/SI - polyurethane coating plus silicone that can be applied to the inner or outer side of the fabric;
W/R water-repellent coating on top of the fabric.
The thickness of the threads is responsible for the strength. Thicker threads give more strength to the fabric. The density of the weave (Thread Count) - not less important parameter. Loose fabric - off angle, and greatly extends, as a rule, is not durable. Polyester is more resistant to UV radiation than Nylon, which is very important for tents. In addition, the fabric from fibers of Nylon stretches when wet and shrinks when drying (soE. you need to re-tension the tent from Nylon with humidity changes and temperature).
Water resistant (water resistance - measured in mm water column), a very important indicator. The awning fabric with a 3000 mm indicator will withstand almost any rain. It is important that the characteristics specified in the tents the water resistance value was true (very many firms it is not). The water resistance of 3000 mm is achieved by using a double application of polyurethane coating, 5000 mm - with triple coating and so on. It is clear that each application is additional weight and price.
Silicone treatment is usually applied to the top or bottom layer of material (can be applied on top and impregnation of PU, but in this case it is not possible to glue the seams). Most companies that produce tents that are now using fabric with silicone applied from the outside. This impregnation is very durable and functional: silicone prevents moisture from accumulating in the fibers of the fabric. When this silicone coating significantly increases the strength tissue in the gap. If you are using a Rip Stop weave, this fabric will be more durable with only a slight increase in weight.
All manufacturers of tents shorten the descriptive part specifying the characteristics of materials. Before you buy a tent, pay attention to the sizing seams. They should be taped with special termrental. If You will talk about special properties of the fabric, in which holes from the needle are pulled together tightly around the thread and do not miss the water, I can assure You - after a short period of operation the fabric will stretch and under strong rain will leak like a sieve.
The inner tent
If the tent is designed to protect You from rain, then in the inner tent You will have to live. Like and favorite room, the inner tent should be comfortable (extra pockets, durable stitches, great residential lot). Pay attention to the color of the inner tent: it needs to be bright, to match the color of your awning. Otherwise, the morning will seem bleak. Light passing through two obstacles, can change the complexion of the inhabitants of the tents until unrecognizable. Not very nice every morning to see the blue or green face of a neighbor.
Before purchasing a tent pay attention to the fabric from which made the inner tent, it must have the following properties:
To be lightweight and durable (preferably a Rip Stop weave), K. the inner tent takes on a significant load during operation. To have good "breathing" properties, but to hold the wind. It is desirable that the inner tent had a water repellent treatment W/R. Such impregnation will save You from drops of condensate, which under certain weather conditions occur on the inside of the tent. Drops roll without penetrating the residential volume. Processing W/R does not affect the "breathing" properties of the inner tent.
For inner tent is better suited Nylon. It is softer and stronger at the break than polyester. Resistance to ultraviolet radiation for inner tents are not important.
The bottom of the tent
The material of the tent bottom can be made of fabric or structural polyethylene (bags of "Shuttle" in which they carry their goods). Polyethylene, typically used in cheaper tents; the fabric is in good. The fabric on the bottom of the tent should be more waterproof than a tent. 5000 - 10000 mm, so that the water does not penetrate inside the tent under extreme pressure. On the fabric floor pressure bodies of sleeping tourists. This pressure can lead to wet tissue. (Floor fabric is waterproof to 3000 mm can resist the pressure of the body; 5,000 mm - pressure foot; 10000 mm - the pressure of the elbow).
To safe to buy a tent, check whether the welded seams of the tent bottom; especially pay attention to the corner seams. To glue them correctly is not easy, many companies skimp on this operation. Even if the fabric is quite water resistant, water may penetrate through the holes from sewing needles. In a good tent you can sleep in a puddle.
An important component of the tents of the arcs. Arc tents are made of fiberglass and epoxy resins (designated in the descriptions as fiberglass or glass fiber) or aluminium alloys of different quality. The most common are the following types: 7075, 7001 from AMG (aluminum-magnesium alloy) Korean production, they are used in high-quality tents; 7178, 6061 - require anodizing; Russian stamp B95 and D16T not compete and are gradually replaced with other alloys. In addition to the alloy serious firm pointed to its "hardness". The designation 7075-T9 and 7075-T6 differ in that in the first case we use a more durable alloy: the arc of this alloy is used most well-known tent company.
Fiberglass are heavier and more durable (lifespan is 2-5 years), but has a number of advantages: the absence of residual deformation, high strength and elasticity, low price. Fiberglass is heavier than aluminum alloys is about 1.5 times. In addition, he does not tolerate large temperature changes and can not be repaired. If such arc is broken, you need to look for a new one. Rails can be repaired in field conditions.
The articulation of the arcs also are different. The inside sleeve of smaller diameter can be attached to arc by punching small dots or glue. Sometimes the articulation of the arcs is carried out by raspaltsovkoy. Minimum backlash and maximum rigidity of the connections at arcs with glued adapter.
Accessories for tents
But the most important thing in tents, it's the little things! Imagine that your tent has spread at the seams at night in heavy rain. Or pegs pulled out and the tent blew into the abyss. Or you died from the bites of insects. So before you buy a tent, check out:
The threads must be stronger than the fabric that does not rot and does not deteriorate under the action of sunlight;
Eyelets shall be brass and not iron (this place in the tent is always damp);
Lightning - extremely reliable;
Mosquito net with small cells;
Power plastic fittings - reliable (rely on Duraflex or Nexus);
Slings - lightweight and durable. They should pass easily through the adjusting buckle;
Cords for storm delays - the durable and thin, and also visible in the dark and day;
The pegs light and strong, not bendable. It is desirable that they are not cranks in the soil, E. would not a round profile;
The seams on the tent and bottom of tent should be properly sealed (taped). This can be done only on expensive equipment, correct selection of temperature, pressure and speed of sizing.
The tent is your home for the entire period of stay in the journey, however long it may be. A selection of home – agree, a serious and responsible. That is why before going to the store for a new field "roof" it is necessary to understand, what are the tents where they and certain of their features. Solid bottom, good ventilation, high quality mosquito net, comfortable vestibule - all this makes the tent secure and convenient. Finally, the number of tents taken on a journey, and their capacity should be sufficient to comfortably accommodate the entire group.
Tents come in many different shapes, sometimes very original, but among the variety of tents but the two basic is a flip and the hemisphere. Both forms has its advantages and disadvantages. Flip ("hangar", "cylinder") has a better habitation, a large effective volume, but suffers from lack of wind resistance. Hemisphere and its modifications perfectly resist the wind, but have a smaller amount of life due to the spherical arch.
The ½ rolls are two or three arches of a skeleton. The presence of the third intermediate arch design weight, but increases durability and prevents sagging of the awning. Classic hemisphere resting on two crossed arches of a skeleton. Based on the classic a huge number of hybrid designs: from lightweight single or double tents on the same arc, to the winter professional patterns, the frame of which consists of 6 and more complicated intertwining arcs that is necessary for a more streamlined shape and at the same time to reduce purushadesa awning, leaning on the frame.
In winter in favour of the dome-shaped tents (with better rolls down the snow).
Tent. the Most modern tents are double - layered. Outer tent protects from rain is the first line of defense living space from the weather. The space between the awning and inner tent serves to drain the condensate inevitably formed during respiration. It is important that the tent is not touching the inner tent fabric, otherwise in this place the moisture will get.In the manufacture of awnings are often used such materials as Polyester, Poly - polyester (polyester) and Nylon - nylon (polyamide fibers). Nylon under the influence of the sun loses up to 40% of strength per year. Polyester is more resistant to UV exposure, in addition fabric made of nylon stretches when wet, so the awning fabric during long periods of rain need to pull. Polyester is deprived of this deficiency, but it is much more expensive than nylon.
In order that the tent did not leak, the fabric is further treated. PU - polyurethane coating, which typically is applied on the inner part of the tent. The number indicated is the waterproof index of the tissue in mm of water column. When indicators of 3000 mm or more the fabric will withstand almost any weather conditions.
PU/SI - polyurethane coating plus silicone that can be applied on both the inside and the outside of the fabric. Most manufacturers currently use fabric with silicone applied from the outside. This not only prevents moisture from accumulating in the fabric fibers, but also increases its tensile strength.
W/R water-repellent coating fabric on top. Additional water-repellent fabric can be given independently, using a special impregnation.
Rip Stop - as indicated by special weaving of the fabric, which makes it more durable with only a slight increase of weight.
The awning on the tent, which is supposed to be used all year round, must be equipped with a special windproof skirt that presses against the ground or snow in such a tent will be significantly warmer. This skirt is necessary if you intend to journey to places where the possibility of strong winds.
Inner tent. the Inner tent - this actually is the main living space in the campaign. When choosing a tent it is important to pay attention to the color of the inner tent, it needs to be bright, soft color to the eye in the tent rested. Not very nice in the morning to see blue or green face of a neighbor.
Fabric inner tent needs to be durable and lightweight (preferably a Rip Stop weave). In addition, it must have good breathable and windproof properties. It is desirable that it has the waterproof processing of W/R that will protect the interior from condensation. For inner tent is better suited Nylon. It is softer and stronger at the break than polyester.
the bottom of the tent. the Bottom can be made of fabric or reinforced polyethylene. Polyethylene is typically used to reduce the cost of tents, but it is quite heavy. When choosing a tent you should pay attention to the fact that the fabric at the bottom should be more waterproof than a tent awning (fabric is waterproof to 3000 mm can resist the pressure of the body; 5,000 mm - pressure foot; 10000 mm - the pressure of the elbow). Corner seams of the bottom should be cooked. Correctly boil them pretty hard, and some companies skimp on this operation.
Arc. the Arc of the tents are made of aluminum alloys of different quality or fiberglass and epoxy resins (in the descriptions are indicated as fiberglass or fiberglass). Fiberglass is heavier than aluminum alloys is approximately 1.5 times, moreover, he does not tolerate large temperature changes and can not be repaired.
Arc of aluminum alloys, too, are different. It is better to give preference to those alloys that have greater elasticity and does not bend over time under the form of tent.
Junction of the arcs also are different. the Inner sleeve is attached to the arc punching small dots or glue. Minimum backlash and maximum rigidity in the connection of the arcs with glued adapter.
Accessories tents. Cords for storm braces should be strong and subtle, and discernible in the dark and during the day.
Pegs should be light and durable, stiff. It is desirable that they not crank up the ground would have not round shape.
Which tent is better?
Let's assume that you already know what travel you want a tent, how many people it should accommodate, and approximately have the shape of a tent. But here's the thing - weed out all the unnecessary modification, the choice is still quite large.
Indeed, today, the market has a lot of variety of tents.
So, which tent is best?
To clarify this question, I advise you to remember a few simple characteristics, which should have a good tent.
- Water resistance. One of the major indicators (what's the point in hiding from the rain in a tent that is leaking?). Water resistance is different and is measured in millimeters of water column. Below 2000 mm - low resistance. Above 3000 mm - very good.
- Good ventilation. In a tent with poor ventilation hard to breathe, especially at night. In addition, on the walls begins to cause condensation in the form of droplets that roll down to the floor.
- The windproof. Also an important indicator, but not as critical, K. in our time the majority of tents is well thought out, and have a strong frame and light stretching. But some forms of less wind resistance, for example, "flip". Worse wind resistance and also has a gable marquee-shaped tent, in which there is no frame of arcs.
- Low weight and volume. These indicators are crucial in Hiking, especially long distance. It should be remembered that a compact and lightweight tent with excellent protective properties will cost you "a pretty penny".
- Easy to install. Question fast setup tents is sometimes overlooked by novice tourists. And for good reason. This indicator start to appreciate tourists in their own skin to know all the charm of camping in the pouring rain.
Why no features "low price"?
A trick question:) Because there is no cheap tents with excellent scores. All of this is interconnected.
Let's say you have chosen a light and compact tent. If it will be cheap, then 99% it uses poor materials. And such tent or it will leak in heavy rain, or it will be the poor ventilation that will wet from the inside.
Another example: arcs are usually either fiberglass or of aluminum alloys. Fiberglass is cheaper, but aluminum is lighter.
Anyway one conclusion: free cheese only in a mousetrap!
Universal tent "for all"!
The question tormenting many: in what store is home to the most best travel tents?:) Many people want versatility and are looking for a tent that may be suitable for most hikes. And something like that really exists. The criteria "average" of the tent is roughly as follows:
form - hemisphere, accommodation for 2-3 people, material - polyester, two-layer, waterproof - 2000 mm water column frame - fiberglass.
This tent is best fit in the criteria of universality and will serve you faithfully for nearly any field conditions, except in very very extreme.
And yet what is the better tent?
Talk about what a good tent that will not be silenced never. And yet what if the choice fell on two similar tents, and both of them do you like? In this case, you need to remember that always have to sacrifice something. Take for example two tents with similar characteristics but different form: one hemisphere, the other - flip. If you prefer the hemisphere, it will be closer than the half-roll. But if the choice will fall on the flip, although she is more comfortable, but less resistant with strong gusts of wind. The frame is made of fiberglass compared to aluminum are heavier but cheaper aluminium. Single layer tent lighter in weight and easier to assemble, but in a two-layer better ventilation. Tents with quick going in less than a minute, but they are very bulky when folded.
And so in all. The rule is simple: always need to know about the pros and cons of each design feature, and then you can easily buy a good tent.