By appointment can be divided into three categories: for highlands (extreme), for mountains and plains (camping and trekking).
Extreme – is used for expeditions and mountain climbing in any season, including winter. Rigid construction to withstand wind, snow, low temperatures and other extreme weather conditions.
Camping – is designed for camping sites, picnic area, establishment of permanent camps. Is the most comfortable. Usually has adjustable air vents, mosquito nets, several entrances, lobbies, rooms. However, the large weight camping tents complicates its use in long hikes. This tent is not used in winter.
Tracking – is used for long Cycling or Hiking. Different low weight combined with high rigidity and water resistance.
Tent a type of tent designed for minimum protection (from sun, rain, insects) and maximum ventilation. Used in the warmer months.
This indicator refers to the number of adults that can simultaneously be placed in the tent to sleep. Some can accommodate up to 20 people.
Capacity depends on its length and width, and the number of things that are in the tent.
Important: the higher the tent, the more comfortable it is to use, but high altitude makes it less stable.
HT – the framework consists of two intersecting arcs. Advantage – high resistance to the wind. Disadvantage – small domestic space.
Flip – the framework consists of multiple semi-circular arcs arranged in parallel. Advantage – a large internal space. The drawback is a lower resistance to the wind than the hemispheres.
Original the design of the frame combines several varieties of forms. So, HT, and flip are used to create large camping tents.
Gable – has a design edge, which diverge at the angle of two sides of the curtain (the rays). Advantages: high resistance and large capacity. Defect located inside of supports, creating inconvenience. Such tents are rare.
Tent – has a design Desk in the center; the mind resembles a cone or pyramid. Advantages: the increased height and capacity. Disadvantages: stand inside the tent is uncomfortable, weak resistance to the wind. Rarely used.
Single layer – has no inner tent. Features light weight and small volume, but poorly protects from the ingress of condensate into the living space.
Important: choosing a single-layer tent, you should pay attention to the features fabric. Waterproof and breathable material do not require additional ventilation systems. Better to buy a tent made of a membrane fabric, despite its higher price.
double-layer – consists of two tents: external and internal. External (canopy) protects from rain and made of strong waterproof material and the inner is breathable and very light. Advantages: excellent heat insulation, protection from moisture and condensation. Disadvantages: great weight and size.
Important: in many double-layer tents provides the possibility to separately install the inner tent. It is useful in warm dry weather.
Number of rooms – varies from 1 to 10. Bathroom – main living space of the tent with its own ventilation system.
Number of vestibules – varies from 1 to 4. The vestibule is an intermediate space between the bathroom and exit to the outside. Cupboards, dining, kitchen, protects from rain, wind and cold air.
the Number of inputs – ranges from 1 to 6. Independent inputs/outputs have value if in a tent housed several families or people.
External – easy to install (especially for double-layer tents). However this framework is subject to the negative influence of natural conditions and can not put the inner tent separately.
Internal more complicated to install than external. He is less exposed to the adverse effects of natural conditions, and also allows you to put up a tent without inner tent (outer tent).
Frameless – the frame is missing. The tent is stretched on two stands either on natural supports (trees, etc D.). Frameless tents, as a rule, small.
Inflatable – the framework consists of rubber tubing of the arcuate shape. Inflates using a pump and provide sufficient stiffness to support the tent. Advantages: easy to install, compact size (when folded) and light weight. The drawback is increased sensitivity to mechanical damage.
Material arc frame
Fiberglass (fibreglass) – is applied most often. Advantages: high strength and resistance to deformation, low weight, relatively low price. Drawback – the fragility at low temperatures, which hinders its use in winter and in the highlands.
Aluminum alloy – lightweight and durable material, but is prone to deformation under sustained loads.
carbon Fiber (carbon) – high strength lightweight material, perfect for long hikes.
Steel – the very durable material with high resistance to deformation. A lack – the big weight, which makes it difficult to put up a tent on long trips.
Polyester – the most common. Durable material, has good resistance to heat and wet, to the action of most alkalies and acids.
Nylon – is less resistant to wet and more sensitive to UV radiation than polyester, so its service life is less. Ideal for light weather conditions.
Membrane fabric – combines the ability to "breathe" and moisture resistance. The best option for single-layer tents.
Cotton – treated with a special impregnation possesses the optimal balance of water resistance and breathability. Sometimes it is used in combination with polyester.
Cloth + silicone – has a high UV resistance (important for high altitude). The strength of such tents is much higher. Can last up to 10 years.
Tarpaulin – rare, cheap and heavy tents.
the material of the bottom
Polyethylene – has a lot of weight. Used in inexpensive tents (camping mostly).
Polyester – is resistant to most adverse effects (acids, alkalis, deformations, wear).
Nylon – is less resistant to adverse influences than polyester. Is used for tents designed for common weather conditions.
Tarpaulin a good material for the bottom of tents, as it has a high margin of safety.
PVC has a high resistance to wear and to moisture, fire. Occurs quite often.
water resistance of an awning and bottom
This indicator refers to the ability of an awning and bottom to withstand exposure to moisture without becoming wet. Measured in millimeters of water column (mm of water. article). The higher this characteristic, the better the fabric and the bottom will be able to withstand the effects of moisture. Waterproof fabric is more expensive and has more weight.
- 500-3000 mm of water. article – suitable for places where rains are rare.
- 3000-7000 mm water article – used in heavy downpours.
- 10 000-20 000 mm of water. article – used in extreme conditions. Such protect from strong wind and have a high resistance to abrasion.
Mosquito net – protects the internal space of the tent from mosquitoes and sandflies. Installed on doors, Windows and ventilation openings.
the Light box – the familiar Windows for daytime light and view.
Vent window – ensure a supply of fresh air and removal of the tent from moisture. Light differ from the smaller sizes. Especially needed if the tent organized kitchen.
Canopy – a portion of a rectangular awning that functions as a door. If desired, it can detach and put on pegs that will provide protection from sun and rain. Under the canopy usually put a Bicycle, a backpack, and in some models of tents and a table and chairs. Mainly found in camping tents.
Interior pockets – is located on the inside of the tent. Facilitate the organization of space and allow compact place watches, glasses, tools and other items.
Suspended shelves – have the same function as those internal pockets. Fasten to the tent with the help of special loops and hooks. Are usually located in the upper part of the tent. In addition, they can be used as a stand for the lantern.
Mount for lamp/lantern – a hook, loop, carabiner, designed for hanging a torch or lamp. Most of these hooks are located in the top center of the tent.
Sealing of seams – protects the tent from water from leaking in the joints of the fabric of the tent. There are two methods of sealing – gluing and more reliable – welding.
UV-protection – protects the material of the tent (awning) from the negative effects of UV rays (radiation accelerates the deterioration of the fabric and even frame). This protection is especially important in conditions of high mountains where very strong ultraviolet radiation.
Refractory treatment – the impregnation of fabric tents with a special compound that reduces the probability of accidental occurrence of fire (sparks from a fire, and soD.) and retards the spread of fire.
Protective (canopy) – a strip of fabric around the perimeter of the tent adjacent to the ground. The main function is to cover the openings between the bottom of the tent and the ground on uneven surfaces. Protects from water, snow and cold. The skirt can be sewn on or removable. Especially useful in the mountains and in the cold season.
Storm delays – increase frame rigidity to withstand the stormy wind.
Reinforced corners – increases the strength of the tent by multilayered Chinese, additional firmware or use a special fabric.
Is important for long hikes. It should be noted that models of lightweight and durable material have a high price.
The easiest (0.8-2 kg) – takinogawa and adventure tents designed for one or two people. They also include single layer and frameless models. More massive models – camping, designed for 4-6 people. And the most heavy (60-70 kg) – camping tents, accommodating up to 20 people.