How to choose the best tent in the world

let's Start with the fact that choice primarily depends on where and in what conditions You will use it. There is no doubt that tent for rock climbing, boating and camping are different as an elephant from a goat. Therefore, for the intended purpose and can easily be divided into three main groups;
the First is extreme tent created specifically for survival in the most difficult conditions. It uses the most modern materials and technology to achieve maximum strength, impermeability and ease, comfort not there in the first place.
Second, the most common are tourist tent designed for all types of Biking, Hiking, water and other hikes in non-extreme conditions – i.e. not in winter and high in the mountains. The comfort is already taken into account, although the resistance and reliability a priority.
the Third group camping tents - all created exclusively for comfort, so heavy the weight, for example, 24 kg and the low water resistance (inexpensive models ) not trying to scare anyone here – after all in case of heavy rains it is easy to pack up and leave.
I would single out another group picnic tent. This is a tent designed specifically for travel on the weekend to a barbecue. Their main advantage is the price and ease of selection – don't need to know anything about water resistance, no taped seams, as here it is not important. The main thing here is the size to fit preferably in a row, and the color of the tent for a good mood.

If You wish to make an informed choice, I want to draw your attention on the most important points to consider when choosing a tent.

let's Start with tourist tents.
First and easiest – to prune unnecessary search – decide on number of seats.
If you are not a fan of Hiking, I recommend to take a tent with headroom, plus one. This would increase the level of comfort, usually not much lost in money and weight. Remember that not always your companions are standard sizes, also often as tourist tents have a small height, the angle of inclination of the side wall is very sharp and plumutica there is not very great. Love yourself. Add a bit of comfort.

the Objective of tent is to protect you from the weather. The main enemy is the rain. Therefore, the waterproof index is a measure of reliability. For tourist tents it needs to be 2000 mm. of water column for external awning and 4000 mm for bottom "brand".

Allow yourself to make one very important digression, because all other knowledge will be wasted if you choose the wrong brand. First of all, what is "certified brand"? It's no secret that almost all European, American and especially Asian tents are sewn in China, often on the same plants. So what is the difference? The difference lies primarily in the fact that major brands with the name and story value their name and reputation, so they can withstand the declared characteristics, that is, if you are 3000 mm. - so it will be a fair 3000 mm.

The same claimed 3000 mm. from an unknown brand may be 3000, and 2000. The logic is simple and obvious, unknown producers trying to inflate the figures to their initially lower cost, the impression was that little buy a lot. Ethics and image of the brands tested did not allow them to do so. This is not always the case, but there are risks, and they are your. The self-understanding of compliance of the declared parameters, you unfortunately can not. It can help sellers, if you tend to trust them, information from friends, but it is always advisable to ask about the history and brand level, as well as how many years they sell these tents in our market and whether claims and returns.
Unknown brands are simply unable to make such investments in the development and quality control, including accounts for the higher price that it is very often not much above the prices of similar Russian goods.

But back to water column. What is it?
This is an indicator that determines when you hit any amount of water, the tent will start leaking. Literally is the height of water column in millimeters that the fabric can withstand without leakage. Most manufacturers have a simple device which stretches the fabric and creates an artificial pressure of, say, 2000 mm water column for a short (2 minutes). If water is not made on the reverse side of the sample – means, keeps. This is you saying something? Have you ever measured the rain in millimeters? I don't. I would like something a little less scientific and boring-vague. For example, "how many days of rain", medium, drizzle or shower is able to withstand the tent? From practice it is believed that 2000 mm is already enough to not to get wet, some say you need 2500, but the vast majority agree that 3000 mm certainly enough for a normal hike in Central Russia.
it Should be noted that American standards and ways of testing are different from the European. Many believe that their options water resistance to be multiplied by at least two "proven" brands.
For bottom of the tent are considered to be good indicators of 4000 mm of water column. This is due to the fact that the awning you are not in contact, and on the bottom of the tent You operate, not only exactly his sprawled carcass, but also an elbow, a Shoe, placing added pressure on various parts of tissue, so they must have a sufficient safety margin for resistance to water and tear. By the way, after prolonged use of tents in severe weather conditions, especially in the mountains, under the influence of the sun and temperature drops, the fabric loses its water repellency.
But let's not be more about sad. Still, I hope that most of you buy tourist tent not to live in them in the mountains, and to go on an exciting short hikes in Central Russia, and charts with calculation of impact force of raindrops and the curve of deterioration of water repellent properties of the fabric under the influence of hard ultraviolet radiation will bring more confusion than good, especially because these calculations are quite controversial.

the Next important parameter expansion joints.
Performance fabrics can be good, but if the seams are not properly treated, the water will flow there. Therefore, the boil or glued seams. Feel the difference? In vain. You can still write sealed (taped.) This is essentially the same thing, also often there is confusion because of inaccurate translation. But the quality of workmanship is different. On the fabric is coated with polyurethane (PU) or silicone (SI). On top of the silicone coating to glue seams impossible, therefore, for tents use fabric with silicone coating outside, PU inside, and glued seams from the inside.
incidentally, to determine by touch the quality of the seams and water-repellent properties of the fabric; don't be tempted - the feeling is often deceptive.

by the Way, about the tissues.
To produce awnings tents are commonly used fabric based on polyamide fibers: nylon, nylon and polyester – polyester, Dacron. The former are more light, durable and cheap. Cons – they really stretch when wet and lose much strength when exposed to ultraviolet radiation. Polyester fabric devoid of the above drawbacks and therefore are significantly more expensive.
Saw a wicked gleam in the eyes of the seller, trying to win you mysterious word "ripstop fabric"?! It's very simple: rip in English "break", stop it and stop there. It's just the impact on the overall pattern of the fabric thicker the yarn to improve its strength without significant weight gain. And how it works!
In the descriptions of the material often indicates its density, for example 210 t . Density rip stop with more than 200T is considered good. On the fabric is applied a water-repellent impregnation.
Usually in this case the grade of W/R (water-resistant).
Awning inner tent needs to be breathable, I think, now others just do not. Although China is a mysterious country.
For bottom of the tent are normally used either nylon or polyester fabric with high water resistance 4000-10000 mm or reinforced polyethylene, which is cheaper but stiffer and heavier, so is more commonly used in camping tents. Its advantages also include the fact that it is more resistant to abrasion and absolutely do not get wet.

the reliability of the design taken directly related to the material of arc, although here the great role played by design features of tents, the composition of synthetic materials, manufacturing techniques, but it is much more difficult to compare, so let's start simple:
Arc – Aluminum is well! In Russia he was especially fond of. There are no puzzles. It is simple and understandable to any man. Durable, flexible, repairable. However, when the critical price, it is worthy of replace modern synthetic materials, in particular, fiberglass (fibreglass). No need to fear him. Believe me, before you do it thought very intelligent people. It has been successfully used around the world. Selling a few thousand tents, we have received only one refund. Moreover, the nature of the damage clearly said that arc is not cracked during installation – it stupidly drove the car, which was confirmed by technical expertise. The fiberglass does have flaws – shortened service life due to UV rays and freezing temperatures, but we're talking about tourist and not on extreme tents, for which it is critical. If you plan to use tourist tent in extreme conditions, then it must be taken into account.

You often came into the tent, standing under the sun in the heat? Ill-conceived ventilation system is able to destroy a large and bright feeling of love to your tent and think about its replacement. Therefore, when choosing a tent, I advise you to understand how well organized system of ventilation. It is desirable that the inner tent was a large square mosquito nets on opposite sides, so the tent had two or more entrances, the opening of which will allow to organize the internal ventilation area, ventilation Windows in the outer tent must have a reasonable size and to close to prevent ingress of driving rain. By the way, the more the distance between the inner tent and outer tent, the better the ventilation.

Ease of installation is also a very important criterion. Of course, the clips (fastens) on the arcs speed up the process, but I heard that sometimes break.

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