Camouflage (camouflage) - colours

Camouflage (from French camouflage — camouflage) — a type of protection of personnel, equipment and weapons used in order to impede the enemy by recognition of different objects in a visual way and by using opto-electronic or photographic reconnaissance. Camouflage is a color (most often 2-4 color) coarsely-or finely-spotted coloring, distorting the contours of the object due to the merged colors and shapes of individual spots and stripes of color with the surrounding background. A camouflage pattern usually consists of various shape and sizes of the spots (bands) are plotted at the angle of 30-60° to the visual contours of the object with their transition from one surface to another.


1. Woodland

the Most common type of camouflage based on which created dozens of "clones" and to this day used in the armies of many countries of the world. Developed in the early 80-ies of XX century. Is a four-color pattern, consisting of light and dark green, brown and black spots. Is a direct descendant sparingly used by American troops during the Vietnam war ERDL camouflage.

  • there are four color options Woodland :
  • basic (general), also referred to as moderate (temperate);
  • lowland (lowland), featuring a large number of green shades;
  • mountain (highland),with a predominance of brown spots;
  • the intermediate (transitional) (delta), masking both in optical and in the infrared range.

2. 3-color desert

based on the Woodland camo and is a pattern consisting of pale green, light and dark brown spots of various shapes and sizes, intersecting at various angles. Known variants with predominant brown or green hues. Actively used by the army and marine corps the US in armed conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan before joining the PAT of camouflage ACU and MARPAT.

3. 6-color desert

Known as the "chocolate chip" (chocalate chip). Was used by American troops during the operation "desert Storm" in Iraq. Has a lot in common with the camo 3-color desert, but consists of patches of six colors: pale green, light brown, dark brown, beige, black and white. Is the basis, made from wavy spots 4 colors where you can see small white spots surrounded by black outline. At the present time practically not used in the U.S. army. In areas of warfare such camouflage are equipped with friendly to the coalition forces of the local self-defense and militia.

4. Digital woodland (MARPAT - Marine Pattern)

Camo used by the marine corps of the United States. New, so-called – digital, the colors of the camouflage which replaced the legendary Woodland. Consists of a small rectangular spots of light brown, black, light and dark green randomly overlapping each other. As of today, MARPAT is one of the most advanced tanks in the world. There are three types of MARPAT: Woodland, Desert and Urban.

5. Digital desert

Known as MARPAT Desert. Is an adaptation to desert environments version Digital woodland from the color scheme which excluded green shades.

6. AT-digital (PAT ACU - Army Combat Unoform Pattern)

New universal digital coloring used by the U.S. army. It was taken as a basis the colors of MARPAT from which were excluded the "pixels” of black and green colors. Is a rectangular spots of light,medium and dark gray colors are overlapping each other. Land forces used on all theatre, whether it is forested, mountainous or desert terrain.

7. Khaki

Without exaggeration – the most iconic "protective” color of military uniforms which was the progenitor of all future generations of uniforms. The name comes from the Persian word pronounced as "hacks”, meaning the dust (mud). In Europe, this term was invented by who were returning from colonial India the British military. In the late nineteenth century as a field uniform of many armies of the world, which had until then only uniforms of bright colors, with the goal of achieving greater secrecy began to move its troops in khaki. In particular, the British army received new uniforms in 1897, and successfully used it during the Anglo-Boer war 1899-1902. The U.S. army switched to khaki uniforms during the Spanish-American war in 1898. In the twentieth century, the khaki uniforms used in the form of field or everyday or even ceremonial uniforms in almost all countries of the world. In our days, in spite of the widespread use of various types of modern camo, khaki is still widely used in the armies and law enforcement agencies on all continents of the globe.

8. Olive (Olive Green)

unlike the khaki is a darker color, representing the blend of green and dull brown. Was widely used by the U.S. army in the Second world, Korean and Vietnam wars. Currently mainly used as the basis for applying further camouflage. Used in the manufacture of various items of uniforms and equipment: safety helmets, belts, pouches and so on.

9. Black

is Used, mainly by the units of special forces (SOF) for operations in the dark.

10. Navy (Navy Blue)

Originally known as marine blue. Officially used in the Navy of many countries. Is a plain dark-blue color. In 1748 was first used in the Royal naval forces of great Britain, as the lawgiver of the nautical fashion of those times. Was subsequently used by the navies of other countries.

11.Snow camo

is Used in areas with cold (Arctic) climate. Is a white base coated with rare spots of light brown and medium brown shades with soft edges.


12. WH splintertarn (Splittermuster)

In 1931, the German army received its first camouflage piece of gear – a raincoat-tent Zeltbahn pattern Splittermuster 31 (comminuted, arr. 1931.).
camouflage is a background of light brown color coated with different angular patches of green and dark brown colors, resembling scattered shards of broken bottle glass. In the overall picture is dominated by brown spots. Almost the entire figure is covered with "rain" - a short thin strokes of green, free from which only a few parcels fabrics.

  • depending on the year of release, and the shades of colors in the Wehrmacht was different six basic types of camouflage:
  • A Splittermuster (comminuted, arr. 1931.)
  • Splittermuster B (comminuted, arr. 1941.)
  • Splittermuster C (comminuted, arr. 1943.)
  • Splittermuster D (comminuted, arr. 1944.)
  • A Sumpfmuster (marsh, arr. 1943.)
  • B Sumpfmuster (marsh, arr. 1944.)

13. Eichentarn WH (SS - Eichenlaubmuster)

Known as "oak leaf". One of many created in the Third Reich for the Waffen-SS camouflage.
there were two types of such camo: six colors (black, Burgundy, light green and dark green spots on light/dark brown background) SS-Beringt-Eichenlaubmuster (arr. 1942.) and the five-color (black, light green and dark green spots on a light brown background SS-Eichenlaubmuster (arr. 1943.). Each type was subdivided, in turn, on the spring-summer variant with a predominance of green and the autumn-winter variant with a predominance of brown colors.

14. NVA strichtarn (Strichtarnmuster)

Camo used by the army of the GDR from 1965 to 1990. Is a simplified version of the German Splittermuster camouflage during the second world war, from the figure which is completely excluded "comminuted" spots of brown and green colors. Is the basis khaki coated with vertical strokes of brown. Because of its characteristic appearance known as "rain" (rain).

15. NVA flachentarn (Blumentarn)

the So-called "floral" camouflage. Arrival in the late 1950s, replaced the partially used in the East German army camouflage Ameobatarn. Used in army and Ministry of internal Affairs of the GDR until 1967, after which he was replaced by camouflage Strichtarn. Has some similarities with the camouflage used in the Soviet Army at the final stage of the great Patriotic war. Is the basis of a dirty-gray color coated with spots of brown, light and dark green colors.

16. BW flecktarn

In the late 80-ies of the last century, the German army received camouflage uniforms of the new sample. Coloring, called flecktarn, was a set of overlapping each other with small spots of black, brown, light and dark green colors. Depending on the area where you plan to apply varied forms and colors of camouflage. Known samples of flecktarn camouflage with a predominance of both green and black-brown shades.

17. BW tropentarn

Since the 1990s, used by the Bundeswehr in combat operations in desert terrain. Represents applied on the basis of small beige spots of green and brown colors. Visually resembles flecktarn, on the basis of which was created, but it looks considerably lighter.


18. DPM (Disruptive Pattern Material)

Is the main type of camouflage of the British armed forces and is partially used in different countries, such as Jordan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Oman, Pakistan, Portugalia, etc.
Is a combination of spots and "smears”of sand, green, brown and black colors. The ancestor of DPM camouflage, the so-called "jacket Denison” used by British paratroopers and Marines during the second world war.
In the 60-ies of XX century were developed the first samples of DPM pattern. Today there are some variants of this camouflage: DPM P60, P68 DPM, DPM Р84, Р94 P95 DPM and DPM, which differ from each other only by the richness of shades of a particular color and size and shape of the spots. Known as version of DPM pattern with the applied IRR coating in order to reduce the probability of detection of personnel using night vision devices.

19. DPM desert

There are two version of the desert DPM pattern. Used by the army of the United Kingdom in the conduct of hostilities in the desert. The camouflage pattern is unmistakably similar to a conventional DPM, but consists of two colors (brown or pink color stains on sand color), due to the presence in the armies of several countries of the Middle East (particularly Iraq) camouflage similar pattern in four-colour design.

20. CCE camo (Camouflage Central European)

Appeared in the 90-ies of the last century, the camouflage of the French army. As the name implies – is intended for use in areas of Central Europe. Visually reminiscent of the camouflage pattern Woodland. Consists of relatively large green, light and dark brown spots with overlapping "strokes" in black.

21. BGS camo (Sumpftarnmuster)

Designed for the Wehrmacht in 1943 type of camo had a lot in common with already used at the time of the Splittermuster camo. Was a reddish brown and green spots of irregular shape deposited on a substrate khaki. As in the Splittermuster camouflage a large portion of the pattern area was covered with "rain” - a short thin strokes of green. The main difference of this camo from his predecessors were "blurred" the boundaries of the spots, which was achieved by applying on their perimeter areas sostojala from many points nearby.
Their "second life" and the name of the BGS camo gained after the organization BundesGrenzSchutzes – Federal border guard of Germany in March 1951, the personnel of which received with camouflage uniforms made in the style of Sumpftarnmuster. During the use of the BGS camo with 50's to the late 90-ies of XX century was produced three variants, differing from each other only in the saturation of hues. At various times, limited use of power structures in Hungary, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Libya and other countries.

22. Red camo

"Commercial" kind of camouflage, represents a style located in a Woodland spot white, grey, black and maroon (occasionally red) flowers. Famous Camos similar pattern and colors used in the fire and rescue service Malaysia (black, gray, red color) and the armored parts of Oman (gray, red brown, light green and black) is executed in the style of British DPM.

23. US pacific

Camo, used during the Second World war the marine Corps of the USA in the Pacific theater of war. Is a base of khaki, coated with spots of green, light and dark brown colors. The camouflage fabric was made with a pattern on both sides, characterized by the predominance of either green or light brown shades that allowed the use of its protective properties as when landing on the beach, and the further promotion deep into the jungle.
Work on the introduction of camouflage uniforms began in the U.S. in 1940, but have gained momentum in 1942, when it took the PTO immediately sets 150000 for the conduct of amphibious operations. Attempt to use this camo in the European theater in 1944 was unsuccessful because of its somewhat similarity to the camouflage used in the Waffen-SS, which had resulted in many losses from "friendly fire".

24. Tiger stripe

Definition of an entire group of tanks, received its name from the obvious similarity to the pattern of tiger skins. The camouflage of this type are intended for use mainly in the tropical jungle. Is a combination of wide stripes-"smear" of black and olive color with smaller brown and khaki "strokes". It is not known who was the author of tens of variants of Tiger stripe camouflage; whether the French in Vietnam, British in Burma, however, is absolutely clear that he has successfully used to this day in the countries of the Asia-Pacific region (Vietnam, Philippines, Thailand, etc.).

25. Austria

was Used by the Austrian army from 1960 until 1978. Camouflage is a type of "pea", which are clearly visible in the motives of the camouflage of the Waffen-SS during the Second World war. Consists of pinkish bases coated with small patches of bright green, gray, brown and black colors.

26. Danish (M/84)

Camo, the pattern of which is built on the German Flecktarn with the number of colors reduced to three. Consists of spots of olive, light green and black colors. Known as experimental camouflage T/78 differs from the M/84 fewer shades of green.

27. Norway (M/75, M/98)

Camo used in the armed forces of Norway. Is a large size spots of dark green, light green and medium brown colors.

28. Sweden (M/90)

Camo Swedish army figure executed "based on" the unforgettable German Splittermuster 40-ies of the last century. Consists of large angular spots of light green, medium green, olive and black.

29. Swiss (TAZ 90)

Used by soldiers of the Swiss army since 1990 while performing duties abroad in the framework of UN missions. Is a direct descendant of the Swiss camouflage TASS TASS 57 and 83 in colors which are red replaced by brown. Consists of stains, sand, black, green and brown colors.

30. Portuguese

Camouflage used by the armed forces of Portugal. Designed by the French type Lizzard camo. Is a overlapping "strokes" dark green and brown colors, applied on the basis of a light green color.

31. Czech. Woodland (Vz.95)

4-color camouflage used by the Czech army since 1995. Made in the traditional Woodland. Consists of spots of light green, olive, black and dark gray colors.

32. Air force

"Commercial" type of camouflage pattern consisting of patches of white, gray, dark blue and black colors.

33. Urban

Camo made in the style of Woodland. Designed for use in human settlements, mainly of the urban type. Consists of spots of white, black, light and dark gray colors. Partially used by law enforcement agencies in several countries: Russia, China, Serbia, etc. Has different versions with a predominance of either dark or light shades.

34. Fleckurban

Camo made in the style Flecktarn in colors corresponding to the previous sample (spots of white, black, light and dark grey colors). Used in anti-terrorist unit SPAP Polish police.

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