What does the color of camouflage and where it is applied.
Very often dedicated to people interested in, having read a price tag or product information in the booklet, what is BDU what is ACU what is the difference between BDU and ACU, what color is this and in what environment it is applied and relevant.
Let's deal with these issues in order, let's start with the U.S. army. Combat uniforms of the US army (US Army Battle Dress Uniforms), abbreviated - BDU, this one thing, that in Soviet (Russian) Army is called the field form of clothing.
The main regulatory document regulating the appearance, manner of wearing and the colors of the combat uniform is Manual AR 670-1 Wear and Appearance of Army Uniforms and Insignia (The wear and appearance of Uniforms and insignia Army) entered into force on 4 August 1997.
According to AR 670-1 the combat uniform is designed to be worn in combat and on the field combat training. By the decision of the commander of the military uniform can be used when on duty in the guard.
The leadership of AR 670-1 set the colors of military uniforms. It can be one color - green (green) or multi color, etcE. skins (camouflage patterns).
The green color of the uniform is considered to be universal (compromise) for most natural backgrounds of European and Central American theaters of military operations. However, in most cases, wearing a uniform green color is considered involuntary and is most often used camouflage uniforms. Staffing options camo color (camouflage patterns) uniforms guide AR 670-1 installed:
1. Standard tri-color green (regular 3-color green);
2. Desert 3-color (desert 3-color);
3. Desert 6-color (desert 6-color);
4. Winter (winter).
5. Snow white (snow white)
Tri-color standard green color is referred to as "woodland" (woodland). Depending on the specific region adopts one of four paint options. In three of them is light brown and dark brown color. Background color is a khaki color ( dirty yellow). So, technically it's not tri-color. a four-color painting.
Spot dim uncertain form (not comminuted and tiger stripes). Sew the headpiece, and a helmet covered with cloth the same color as the suit.The wearing of hats, mismatched in color with the jacket and pants are prohibited.
The views of the American professionals, the color of various desert areas are very diverse (even including blue and pink) and create a universal color for all deserts is impossible. However, the number of colors for a desert area is very small. The background terrain is very monotonous and change the colors of the background of the monitored area up to ten times smaller than in a wooded area. Standard colors of uniforms for the desert (DBDU) is "desert 3 color" (desert 3-color). It exists in two versions:
The second type of standard colors desert is "desert 6-color" (desert 6-color).It also exists in two variants (3 and 4).
Six-color camouflage was used during the operation of U.S. troops in Iraq "the Storm in desert" (Desert Storm). However, the experience of using it was recognized that sample 4 ("chocolate chip" (chocalate chip)) is unsuccessful. The production of fabrics of this color blocked outfit with the color "chocolate chip" is derived from the category of "combat uniforms". It is granted to recruits for the period of initial training in recruiting centres up until his stock is depleted.
For areas with cold (Arctic) climate used uniforms of the color "winter" (winter). Such areas include Canada, Alaska, Norway, Greenland, Antarctica, Siberia.
This coloring is reminiscent of a desert, except that most ( over 60% of the area) the color is white and light brown, has very blurry edges, as well as medium brown. Fabric colors this is sewn as a normal outfit, and winter a fur jacket and trousers.
For the winter period when the snow cover in areas with cold and temperate climate meant jacket and pants, worn over standard uniforms for cold weather (insulated or fur jacket and pants). These pieces are made of thin water-repellent, windproof, nylon fabric paratwada white. The design of this white camouflage suit allows you to wear it over any winter outfit.
The above types of camouflage color are considered standard and may be issued to all military personnel of all military branches-army, marine corps and national guard.
However, military personnel performing specific combat missions in certain areas, carrying out their combat tasks. Can be sewed and be issued the uniform items other colors that best contribute to the success. For example, for a night of action groups SOF soldiers can be dressed in a black combat uniform; scouts operating in the jungle of Indo-China may be in uniform color tiger stripe.
The cut of this uniform can be standard or differ. The wearing of such uniforms outside the zone of combat mission, is prohibited.
For firms producing uniforms for the U.S. army developed the scale of the camouflage colors that can be ordered by military Department (in excess of the standard):
Currently in the U.S. army there is no standard camouflage colour (urban camouflage) for operations in urban environments, although, according to command, the need for this type of coloring there. At present elaboration of the requirements to the colors of urban camouflage, K. experienced the use of such colors, as city, sky blue, smokey branch, tiger, urban, midnite tiger, red, orange revealed that they did not meet the specifics of warfare at close distances and in the face of rapidly changing light conditions.
Clearly defined that the shape of the spots must be comminuted with a predominance of vertical and horizontal directions.
It should be noted that camouflage uniforms in the US army was used relatively recently. Until 1968, the uniform had a standard monochromatic green (green sateen). In cases where the conditions of hostilities required a more substantial masking on top of the standard uniforms they wore camouflage jumpsuits of different colors. However, in the context of the Vietnam war it proved to be inconvenient due to the fact that the double wear was too hot, in fact double the increased spending on clothing fell discipline for wearing uniforms, soldiers had a slovenly appearance in metkombinatah worn next to the skin.
In 1968 in Vietnam solid green uniforms were replaced with camouflage colors green jungle. Since 1978, we are gradually introduced uniforms camouflage color and in the parts located in the United States. At the beginning of 1982 samples of different camouflage uniforms were replaced with standard woodland camouflage color. Later began to use uniform colors camouflage according to the terrain, which is a military service (woodland, desert, winter).